THE BURNING OF THE MURTAD PILOT


The Islamic State released a video depicting the execution of the Jordanian crusader pilot, Mu’adh Safi Yusuf al-Kasasibah. As displayed in the video, the Islamic State had resolved to burn him alive as retribution for his crimes against Islam and the Muslims, including his active involvement in crusader airstrikes against Muslim lands. When the news of the video broke out, the taghut of Jordan who at the time was in Washington to meet with his masters at the White House – as is the habit of the crusader puppets – cut short his trip, returned home early, and promptly ordered the execution of the mujahidah, Sajidah ar-Rishawi and the mujahid, Ziyad al Karbuli, both of whom had been imprisoned for nearly a decade by the murtaddin of Jordan. The Islamic State had done everything it could to secure the release of both Sajidah and Ziyad, but Allah decreed that they would return to Him as shuhada’, an incomparable honor which they had both desired, eagerly pursued, and supplicated their Lord for. We consider them so, and Allah is their judge. In executing the mujahidin, Jordan is merely hastening the inevitable destruction of its taghut regime.

Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said,

 “WHOEVER HARMS AN ALLY OF MINE, THEN I HAVE DECLARED WAR AGAINST HIM”

 Sahih Al Bukhari

While the execution of Sajidah and Ziyad became the focus of international headlines, the focus for many ignorant hizbiyyin became the manner in which the pilot was executed.

Amongst them was the Jordanian Abu Sayyaf Muhammad ash Shalabi, who stated,

 “THE MANNER IN WHICH HE WAS EXECUTED AND THE SUBSEQUENT PRODUCTION OF A VIDEO DISPLAYING HIS EXECUTION IS A MATTER THAT OPPOSES THE TEACHINGS OF THE PURE RELIGION. JIHAD WAS LEGISLATED TO MAKE THE PEOPLE ENTER THE RELIGION, NOT TO MAKE THEM TURN AWAY FROM THE RELIGION OR TO DISTORT ITS IMAGE.”

Abu Sayyaf ash-Shalabi exposed the full extent of his evil when displaying his remorse for the murtadd pilot in the face of the mujahidin. He also fabricated stories about the negotiations regarding the prisoners by claiming to be involved in these negotiations, whereas the representative of the Jordanian taghut from the beginning was ‘Asim Tahir al-Barqawi (AKA Abu Muhammad al-Maqdisi, whose campaign of lies carries on). Furthermore, ash-Shalabi shamelessly lied by claiming that the murtadd Baathist ‘Izzat ad-Duri and other murtadd Baathists were members of the Islamic State and involved in the negotiations! So, a shameless liar – ash-Shalabi – is taken as a “jihadi mentor”! One can only say to him,

 “IF YOU HAVE NO SHAME, THEN DO AS YOU WISH”

 Sahih Al-Bukhari

This type of rhetoric is typical of hizbiyyin – even those masquerading as supporters of the mujahidin – who continue to live under the authority of the murtadd puppets, and of defeatist Muslims who reside in the lands of kufr under the authority of the crusaders themselves, with no intention of making hijrah to those lands in which the word of Allah is the highest. Such people have had their religion diluted and, not surprisingly, are always amongst the first to speak out in any case where the mujahidin display their harshness towards the crusaders, attempting to disguise their criticism towards the mujahidin as concern for the image of Islam. In burning the crusader pilot alive and burying him under a pile of debris, the Islamic State carried out a just form of retaliation for his involvement in the crusader bombing campaign which continues to result in the killing of countless Muslims who, as a result of these airstrikes, are burned alive and buried under mountains of debris. This is not to even mention those Muslims – men, women, and children – who survive the airstrikes and are left injured and disabled, and in many cases suffering from severe burns that cause them pain and anguish every minute of every day.

This ayah sufficiently demonstrates the shar’i validity of burning someone alive in a case of qisas (retribution). The confusion perpetuated by the hizbiyyin, the palace “scholars,” and the ignorant defeatists, is with regards to the authentic statement of Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam),

 “NONE SHOULD PUNISH WITH FIRE EXCEPT ALLAH”

Sahih Al Bukhari

As a result of their dishonesty in conveying the truth, the deviants concealed the fact that there is a famous exception to this ruling made in the case of qisas and maslahah (overwhelming benefit), and that in addition to the aforementioned ayah from Surat An-Nahl, the fuqaha’ used as evidence for these exceptions the following ayah from Surat Al-Baqarah.

Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) says:

“SO WHOEVER HAS ASSAULTED YOU, THEN ASSAULT HIM IN THE SAME WAY THAT HE HAS ASSAULTED YOU”

Surah Al Baqarah 2:194

They further used as evidence the hadith of the ‘Urani,

“MEN WHOSE EYES WERE GOUGED OUT BY THE PROPHET (SALLALLAHU ‘ALAYHI WA SALLAM) WITH HEATED IRON

Bukhari and Muslim

Furthermore, the scholars highlighted the fact that,

“THE SAHABAH (RADIYALLAHU ‘ANHUM) PUNISHED PEOPLE WITH FIRE IN A NUMBER OF INCIDENTS THAT TOOK PLACE THROUGHOUT THE COURSE OF THE HISTORY OF THE RIGHTLY-GUIDED KHULAFA”

Here we will mention some of these incidents.

The first example:

“IN THE LETTER TO THE MURTADDIN OF THE ARABIAN PENINSULA DURING THE RIDDAH WARS, ABU BAKR AS-SIDDIQ (RADIYALLAHU ‘ANH) THREATENED TO BURN THEM ALIVE IF THEY DID NOT REPENT FROM THEIR RIDDAH. IN IT HE STATES, “I HAVE SENT TO YOU SO AND SO [KHALID IBN AL-WALID] WITH AN ARMY OF THE MUHAJIRIN, THE ANSAR, AND THEIR GOOD FOLLOWERS, AND I’VE ORDERED HIM TO NOT FIGHT ANYONE OR KILL ANYONE UNTIL HE CALLS HIM TO THE CALL OF ALLAH. WHOEVER ANSWERS HIM, ACCEPTS THE TRUTH, HALTS HIS EVIL, AND DOES GOOD, MY ENVOY WILL ACCEPT THIS FROM HIM AND WILL AID HIM IN IT. IF HE REFUSES, I’VE ORDERED HIM TO WAGE WAR AGAINST THEM OVER SUCH, TO NOT SPARE ANYONE HE IS ABLE TO KILL, TO BURN THEM ALIVE WITH FIRE, TO KILL THEM IN A SEVERE MANNER USING ALL MEANS, TO ENSLAVE THEIR WOMEN AND CHILDREN, AND TO NOT ACCEPT FROM ANY ONE OF THEM ANYTHING BUT ISLAM”

Tarikh At Tabari; Al Bidayah Wan Nihayah

The second example:

Likewise during his khilafah, Abu Bakr (radiyallahu ‘anh) gathered a number of his advisors from amongst the Sahabah and consulted them about the case of a man found guilty of committing sodomy.

The one who had the most severe position was ‘Ali (radiyallahu ‘anh) who said,

“THIS IS A SIN THAT NO NATION HAD COMMITTED BEFORE EXCEPT FOR ONE NATION, AND YOU KNOW HOW ALLAH DEALT WITH THEM. I VIEW THAT WE SHOULD BURN HIM ALIVE.”

So the Sahabah agreed with his position, and Abu Bakr wrote to Khalid ordering him to burn the man alive

Al Bayhaqi

Al-Mundhiri (rahimahullah) mentions that,

“THERE WERE FOUR KHULAFA’ WHO BURNED SODOMITES WITH FIRE:  ABU BAKR AS-SIDDIQ, ‘ALI IBN ABI TALIB, ‘ABDULLAH IBN AZ-ZUBAYR AND HISHAM IBN ‘ABDIL-MALIK.”

At-Targhib wat-Tarhib

SO, AND THE MAN WOUND UP KILLING AND ROBBING ANYONE HE CAME ACROSS, INCLUDING MUSLIMS. WHEN THIS REACHED ABU BAKR, HE SENT AN ARMY TO DETAIN HIM. HE WAS DETAINED AND BROUGHT BACK, AND ABU BAKR ORDERED THAT HE BE TAKEN TO THE AREA OF AL-BAQI’ AND BURNED ALIVE

Al Bidayah wan-Nihayah

The third example:

DURING THE RIDDAH WARS, WHEN KHALID IBN AL-WALID DEFEATED TULAYHAH AL ASADI IN THE BATTLE OF BUZAKHAH, ABU BAKR WROTE TO HIM ORDERING HIM TO NOT BE LENIENT AND TO MAKE AN EXAMPLE OUT OF ANYONE HE CAPTURED FROM AMONGST THE KUFFAR WHO HAD KILLED MUSLIMS. SO KHALID REMAINED IN BUZAKHAH FOR A MONTH HUNTING DOWN THE MURTADDIN AND TAKING REVENGE FOR THE MUSLIMS WHO HAD BEEN KILLED. SOME OF THE MURTADDIN HE WOULD BURN ALIVE, OTHERS HE WOULD STONE TO DEATH, AND OTHERS HE WOULD THROW OFF THE TOPS OF MOUNTAINS

Al Bidayah wan-Nihayah

The fourth example:

Abu Musa al-Ash’ari reported that,

THE PROPHET (SALLALLAHU ‘ALAYHI WA SALLAM) SENT BOTH HIM AND MU’ADH IBN JABAL (RADIYALLAHU ‘ANHUMA) TO YEMEN, AND INSTRUCTED THEM TO TEACH THE PEOPLE THE QUR’AN. MU’ADH CAME ONE DAY TO VISIT ABU MUSA AND FOUND WITH HIM A MAN WHO WAS CHAINED UP, SO HE SAID, “O MY BROTHER, WERE WE SENT TO PUNISH THE PEOPLE OR WERE WE SENT TO TEACH THEM AND ORDER THEM WITH WHAT WOULD BENEFIT THEM?” SO ABU MUSA SAID, “HE EMBRACED ISLAM AND THEN DISBELIEVED.” SO MU’ADH SAID, “BY HE WHO SENT MUHAMMAD WITH THE TRUTH, I WILL NOT LEAVE UNTIL I BURN HIM WITH FIRE.” SO ABU MUSA SAID, “WE STILL HAVE SOME UNFINISHED BUSINESS WITH HIM.” SO MU’ADH SAID, “BY ALLAH, I WILL NEVER LEAVE!” SO SOME FIREWOOD WAS BROUGHT AND A FIRE WAS LIT, AND HE THREW HIM IN.”

Al-Mu’jam al-Kabir – at-Tabarani

Thus, the Islamic State not only followed the footsteps of Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) in his harshness towards the disbelievers, but also emulated the example of his righteous Sahabah (radiyallahu ‘anhum) by punishing with fire in retaliation, and for the purpose of terrorizing the murtaddin and making examples out of them.

We ask Allah to take revenge for the Muslims and the mujahidin, and rain fire and destruction upon the kuffar and murtaddin wherever they are.

ALLAH HAS PURCHASED THE SOULS AND WEALTH OF THE MUJAHIDIN IN RETURN FOR PARADISE


Allah states that He has compensated His believing servants for their lives and wealth — if they give them up in His cause — with Paradise. This demonstrates Allah’s favour, generosity and bounty, for He has accepted the good that He already owns and bestowed, as a price from His faithful servants.

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) was asked:

“O MESSENGER OF ALLAH, GUIDE ME TO A DEED EQUIVALENT TO JIHAD” HE SAID, “I DON’T FIND ANY!” THEN HE SAID, “WHEN THE MUJAHID GOES ON JIHAD, CAN YOU ENTER YOUR MOSQUE AND PRAY CONTINUOUSLY, AND FAST AND NEVER BREAK YOUR FAST?” THE MAN SAID, “WHO COULD DO THAT!”

Sahih Bukhari

Al-Hasan Al-Basri and Qatadah commented,

 “BY ALLAH! ALLAH HAS PURCHASED THEM AND RAISED THEIR WORTH.”

Shimr bin `Atiyyah said,

“THERE IS NOT A MUSLIM BUT HAS ON HIS NECK A SALE THAT HE MUST CONDUCT WITH ALLAH; HE EITHER FULFILS ITS TERMS OR DIES WITHOUT DOING THAT.”

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“BEING STATIONED IN THE PATH OF ALLAH FOR A DAY IS GREATER THAN FASTING THE DAYS OF A MONTH AND PRAYING ITS NIGHTS. AND IF HE DIES HIS REWARDS OF THE DEEDS HE USED TO DO WOULD CONTINUE AND HIS PROVISIONS WOULD CONTINUE AND HE WOULD BE SPARED THE TRIAL OF THE ANGELS OF THE GRAVE”

Sahih Muslim

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

 “TWO EYES WILL NOT BE TOUCHED BY HELLFIRE: AN EYE THAT CRIES FROM THE FEAR OF ALLAH, AND AN EYE THAT SPENT THE NIGHT IN A GUARD POST IN THE PATH OF ALLAH.”

Tirmidhi

Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) says:

إِنَّ اللَّهَ اشْتَرَى مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَنفُسَهُمْ وَأَمْوَلَهُمْ بِأَنَّ لَهُمُ الّجَنَّةَ يُقَـتِلُونَ فِى سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ فَيَقْتُلُونَ وَيُقْتَلُونَ وَعْدًا عَلَيْهِ حَقًّا فِي التَّوْرَاةِ وَالإِنجِيلِ وَالْقُرْءانِ وَمَنْ أَوْفَى بِعَهْدِهِ مِنَ اللَّهِ فَاسْتَبْشِرُواْ بِبَيْعِكُمُ الَّذِى بَايَعْتُمْ بِهِ وَذَلِكَ هُوَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيمُ

VERILY, ALLAH HAS PURCHASED OF THE BELIEVERS THEIR LIVES AND THEIR PROPERTIES FOR (THE PRICE) THAT THEIRS SHALL BE THE PARADISE. THEY FIGHT IN ALLAH’S CAUSE, SO THEY KILL AND ARE KILLED. IT IS A PROMISE IN TRUTH WHICH IS BINDING ON HIM IN THE TAURAT (TORAH) AND THE INJIL (GOSPEL) AND THE QUR’AN. AND WHO IS TRUER TO HIS COVENANT THAN ALLAH? THEN REJOICE IN THE BARGAIN WHICH YOU HAVE CONCLUDED. THAT IS THE SUPREME SUCCESS

At-Taubah 9:111

This is why those who fight in the cause of Allah are said to have conducted the sale with Allah, meaning, accepted and fulfilled his covenant.

Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) says:

 يُقَـتِلُونَ فِى سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ فَيَقْتُلُونَ وَيُقْتَلُونَ

 THEY FIGHT IN ALLAH’S CAUSE, SO THEY KILL AND ARE KILLED

Whether they were killed or they kill the enemy, or both, then Paradise will be theirs.

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

 “A TRIP IN THE EARLY OR LATE HOURS OF THE DAY IN THE PATH OF ALLAH IS BETTER THAN THE WORLD AND EVERYTHING IN IT, AND THE AREA UNDER A WHIP OR UNDER YOUR FOOT IN PARADISE IS BETTER THAN THE WORLD AND EVERYTHING IN IT, AND IF A WOMAN OF PARADISE REVEALS HERSELF TO THE PEOPLE OF THIS WORLD SHE WOULD FILL THE DISTANCE BETWEEN THEM WITH LIGHT, AND HER SCENT, AND THE SCARF ON HER HEAD IS BETTER THAN THE WORLD AND EVERYTHING IN IT”

Sahih Bukhari

The Two Sahihs recorded the Hadith,

«وَتَكَفَّلَ اللهُ لِمَنْ خَرَجَ فِي سَبِيلِهِ لَا يُخْرِجُهُ إِلَّا جِهَادٌ فِي سَبِيلِي وَتَصْدِيقٌ بِرُسُلِي بِأَنْ تَوَفَّاهُ أَنْ يُدْخِلَهُ الْجَنَّةَ، أَوْ يَرْجِعَهُ إِلَى مَنْزِلِهِ الَّذِي خَرَجَ مِنْهُ، نَائِلًا مَا نَالَ مِنْ أَجْرٍ أَوْ غَنِيمَة»

(ALLAH HAS MADE A PROMISE TO THE PERSON WHO GOES OUT (TO FIGHT) IN HIS CAUSE; `AND NOTHING COMPELS HIM TO DO SO EXCEPT JIHAD = IN MY CAUSE AND BELIEF IN MY MESSENGERS. ‘HE WILL EITHER BE ADMITTED TO PARADISE IF HE DIES, OR COMPENSATED BY ALLAH, EITHER WITH A REWARD OR BOOTY IF HE RETURNS HIM TO THE HOME WHICH HE DEPARTED FROM)

Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) says:

 وَعْدًا عَلَيْهِ حَقًّا فِي التَّوْرَاةِ وَالإِنجِيلِ وَالْقُرْءانِ

 IT IS A PROMISE IN TRUTH WHICH IS BINDING ON HIM IN THE TORAH AND THE INJIL AND THE QUR’AN

Allah has decreed this for His Most Honourable Self, and revealed it to His Messengers in His Glorious Books, the Torah that He sent down to Musa, the Injil that He sent down to `Isa, and the Qur’an that was sent down to Muhammad, may Allah’s peace and blessings be on them all.

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

 “THE SHAHID FEELS THE PAIN OF DEATH JUST LIKE ONE OF YOU WOULD FEEL THE STING OF AN INSECT”

Ahmad, An-Nasa’i, Ibn Majah & Tirmidhi

 Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) says:

 وَمَنْ أَوْفَى بِعَهْدِهِ مِنَ اللَّهِ

 AND WHO IS TRUER TO HIS COVENANT THAN ALLAH

 Allah never breaks a promise.

Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) says:

 وَمَنْ أَصْدَقُ مِنَ اللَّهِ حَدِيثاً

 AND WHO IS TRUER IN STATEMENT THAN ALLAH

An-Nisa 4:87

 Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) says:

 وَمَنْ أَصْدَقُ مِنَ اللَّهِ قِيلاً

 AND WHOSE WORDS CAN BE TRUER THAN THOSE OF ALLAH

An-Nisa 4:122

 Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) says:

 فَاسْتَبْشِرُواْ بِبَيْعِكُمُ الَّذِى بَايَعْتُمْ بِهِ وَذَلِكَ هُوَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيمُ

 THEN REJOICE IN THE BARGAIN WHICH YOU HAVE CONCLUDED. THAT IS THE SUPREME SUCCESS

At-Tawbah 9:111

 Those who fulfil the terms of this contract and uphold this covenant receive the good news of great success and everlasting delight.

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

 “VERILY THE STANDING OF A MAN IN THE BATTLE LINE FOR THE CAUSE OF ALLAH IS BETTER THAN SEVENTY YEARS OF WORSHIP AMONGST HIS FAMILY”

Tirmidhi

 The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) was asked:

 “WHAT IS THE BEST OF ALL ACTS OF WORSHIP?” HE SAID, “BELIEVING IN ALLAH” HE WAS ASKED, “AND THEN WHAT?” HE RESPONDED, “JIHAD IN THE PATH OF ALLAH” THEN HE WAS ASKED “AND THEN WHAT?” HE SAID, “AN ACCEPTED HAJJ”

Bukhari & Muslim

Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) says:

التَّـئِبُونَ الْعَـبِدُونَ الْحَـمِدُونَ السَّـئِحُونَ الرَكِعُونَ السَّـجِدونَ الاٌّمِرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَالنَّاهُونَ عَنِ الْمُنكَرِ وَالْحَـفِظُونَ لِحُدُودِ اللَّهِ وَبَشِّرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ

 THOSE WHO REPENT, WHO WORSHIP (HIM), WHO PRAISE (HIM), WHO FAST, WHO BOW DOWN, WHO PROSTRATE THEMSELVES, WHO ENJOIN GOOD AND FORBID EVIL, AND WHO OBSERVE THE LIMITS SET BY ALLAH. AND GIVE GLAD TIDINGS TO THE BELIEVERS

 This is the description of the believers from whom Allah has purchased their souls and wealth, who have these beautiful and honourable qualities,

 التَّـئِبُونَ

(WHO REPENT) FROM ALL SINS AND SHUN ALL EVILS

 الْعَـبِدُونَ

 (WHO WORSHIP), THEIR LORD AND PRESERVE THE ACTS OF WORSHIP THAT INCLUDE STATEMENTS AND ACTIONS

 Praising Allah is among the best statements.

Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) says:

 الْحَـمِدُونَ

WHO PRAISE HIM

Fasting is among the best actions, involving abstaining from the delights of food, drink and sexual intercourse, this is the meaning hereby,

السَّـئِحُونَ

AS-SA’IHUN (WHO FAST)

At-Taubah 9:112

 Allah also described the Prophet’s wives that they are,

 سَـئِحَـتٍ

SA’IHAT

At-Tahrim 66:5

 They fast. As for prostrating and bowing down, they are acts of the prayer,

 الرَكِعُونَ السَّـجِدونَ

 WHO BOW DOWN, WHO PROSTRATE THEMSELVES

 These believers also benefit Allah’s creation and direct them to His obedience by ordaining righteousness and forbidding evil. They have knowledge about what should be performed and what should be shunned. This includes abiding by Allah’s limits in knowledge and action, meaning, what He allowed and what He prohibited. Therefore, they worship the True Lord and advise creation.

Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) says:

 وَبَشِّرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ

AND GIVE GLAD TIDINGS TO THE BELIEVERS

 Since faith includes all of this, and the supreme success is for those who have faith.

 A MAN SAID: “O MESSENGER OF ALLAH WHAT IS ISLAM?” THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH SAID, “ISLAM IS SUBMISSION OF YOUR HEART AND THAT THE MUSLIMS ARE SAFE FROM YOUR TONGUE AND YOUR HANDS” HE SAID: “WHAT IS THE BEST OF ISLAM?” THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH SAID, “IMAN (FAITH)” HE SAID: “WHAT IS FAITH?” THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH REPLIED, “TO BELIEVE IN ALLAH, HIS ANGELS, HIS BOOKS, HIS MESSENGERS, AND THE RESURRECTION AFTER DEATH” HE SAID, “WHAT IS THE BEST OF IMAN?” THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH SAID, “HIJRAH” HE SAID: “WHAT IS HIJRAH?” THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH SAID, “TO LEAVE SINS BEHIND” HE SAID, “WHAT IS THE BEST OF HIJRAH?” THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH SAID, “JIHAD”. HE SAID: “WHAT IS THE BEST OF JIHAD?” THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH SAID, “THE ONE WHOSE HORSE IS SLAIN AND HIS BLOOD IS SPILLED”

Ahmad, Bayhaqi & Tabarani

THOSE WHO BREAK OFF FROM THEIR TRIBES


Narrated by Ibn Mas’ud (Radia Allahu ‘Anhu) that,

The Prophet (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said,

“VERILY ISLAM BEGAN AS SOMETHING STRANGE, AND IT WILL RETURN TO BEING SOMETHING STRANGE AS IT FIRST BEGAN, SO GLAD TIDINGS TO THE STRANGERS.” SOMEONE ASKED, “WHO ARE THE STRANGERS?” HE SAID, “THOSE WHO BREAK OFF FROM THEIR TRIBES”

(Imam Ahmad, Ad Darimi & Ibn Majah with a Sahih Isnad)

Imam Abu Mus’ab Az Zarqawi said,

“ALLAH HAS DESCRIBED THESE STRANGERS WITH A NUMBER OF CHARACTERISTICS, AMONG THEM BEING THAT THEY ARE NUZZA’ OF THE PEOPLE, OR NUZZA’ FROM THE TRIBES.”

The word nuzza’ is the plural of nazi’ and nazi’, which refers to a stranger who breaks off from his family and tribe [meaning he departs and distances himself from them], and the naza’i’ of the camels are the outsiders.

Al Harawi (Rahimahullah) said,

‘BY THIS HE (THE PROPHET) IS REFERRING TO THE MUHAJIRIN WHO’VE ABANDONED THEIR HOMELANDS AND MIGRATED TO ALLAH TA’ALA’”

(Al Qabiduna ‘Alal Jamr)

Al-Baghawi (Rahimahullah) said,

“HE [THE PROPHET] IS REFERRING TO THE MUHAJIRIN WHO’VE ABANDONED THEIR HOMELANDS FOR THE SAKE OF ALLAH ‘AZZA WA JALL.”

(Sharhus Sunnah)

Ibn Kathir (Rahimahullah) stated likewise in “Al Bidayah Wa’an Nihayah”

As Sindi stated that they are,

“THOSE WHO LEAVE THEIR HOMELANDS TO ESTABLISH THE SUNAN (TRADITIONS) OF ISLAM”

(Kifayatul Hajah)

Al Kalabadhi said,

“SO IF THE SITUATION BECOMES SUCH [MEANING, THE RELIGION BECOMES EXTREMELY ALIEN TO THE PEOPLE], THEN THE BELIEVER AMONGST THOSE PEOPLE IS LIKE THE BELIEVER IN THE TIME OF THE PROPHET (SALLALLAHU ‘ALAYHI WA SALLAM). FOR THE ONE WHO LEAVES HIS TRIBE IS A MUHAJIR THAT PARTS FROM HIS FAMILY, HIS WEALTH, AND HIS HOMELAND, AND WHO BELIEVES IN ALLAH AND ATTESTS TO HIS TRUTH AND TO THE TRUTH OF HIS MESSENGER. ALLAH HAS PRAISED THE BELIEVERS FOR THEIR BELIEF IN THE UNSEEN,

Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) says:

“THEY BELIEVE IN THE UNSEEN”

(Surah Al Baqarah 2:3)

The companions of the Prophet (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) believed in both what they witnessed and what they could not see, for they believed in Allah and the Day of Judgment without seeing either of them, and they believed in the Prophet (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) having seen and witnessed him. The revelation would descend [upon him] in their company, and they would see the signs and witness the miracles.

The last part of this ummah believes in what the first part of the ummah believed in of the unseen, and believes in what the first part of the ummah believed in as eyewitnesses. This latter belief is their belief in the Prophet (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam), for they do not see the Prophet (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam), and because of that they’ve become the most wondrous people in faith,

Narrated by Ibn ‘Abbas (Radia Allahu ‘Anhuma) that,

Allah’s Messenger (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said,

‘THE MOST WONDROUS PEOPLE IN FAITH ARE A PEOPLE WHO COME AFTER ME AND BELIEVE IN ME WITHOUT HAVING SEEN ME, AND THEY ATTEST TO MY TRUTHFULNESS WITHOUT HAVING SEEN ME. SO THEY ARE MY BROTHERS’

(Imam Ahmad in Ma’ani Al Akhbar)

Ibn Qayyim Al Jawziyya (Rahimahullah) said,

“[INDEED] ALLAH SENT HIS MESSENGER WHILE THE PEOPLE OF THE EARTH WERE FOLLOWING VARIOUS RELIGIONS. AMONG THEM WERE IDOL WORSHIPPERS, FIRE WORSHIPPERS, AND IMAGE WORSHIPPERS, CROSS WORSHIPPERS, JEWS, MANDAEANS, AND PHILOSOPHERS. WHEN ISLAM FIRST BEGAN TO EMERGE IT WAS SOMETHING STRANGE, AND ANYONE WHO EMBRACED IT AND RESPONDED TO ALLAH AND HIS MESSENGER BECAME A STRANGER IN HIS DISTRICT, HIS TRIBE, HIS FAMILY, AND HIS CLAN. THUS, THOSE WHO RESPONDED TO THE DA’WAH OF ISLAM LEFT THEIR TRIBES. RATHER, THEY WERE LONE INDIVIDUALS WHO EMIGRATED FROM THEIR TRIBES AND CLANS, AND ENTERED INTO ISLAM. THEREFORE, THEY WERE THE STRANGERS, IN REALITY, UNTIL ISLAM HAD EMERGED, ITS DA’WAH HAD SPREAD, AND THE PEOPLE ENTERED INTO IT IN MULTITUDES, SUCH THAT THEY WERE NO LONGER STRANGERS. THEN IT BEGAN TO PART AND FADE, UNTIL IT RETURNED AS SOMETHING STRANGE JUST AS IT FIRST BEGAN. RATHER, THE TRUE ISLAM, WHICH ALLAH’S MESSENGER (SALLALLAHU ‘ALAYHI WA SALLAM) AND HIS COMPANIONS WERE UPON, IS SOMETHING FAR STRANGER TODAY THAN IT WAS WHEN IT FIRST EMERGED, EVEN IF ITS APPARENT FEATURES AND CHARACTERISTICS ARE WELL-KNOWN AND FAMOUS. FOR THE REAL ISLAM IS EXTREMELY STRANGE, AND ITS ADHERENTS ARE THE STRANGEST OF STRANGERS AMONGST THE PEOPLE”

(Madaarij Saalikeen)

Thus, the strangers are those who left their families and their lands, emigrating for the sake of Allah and for the sake of establishing His religion. In the era of ghutha’ as-sayl (the feeble scum), they are the most wondrous of the creation in terms of faith, and the strangest of them all.

MELTDOWN BY JOHN CANTLIE


“WAR IS ON THE INCREASE, OIL VALUES ON THE DECREASE, AND AMERICA IS PRINTING $85 BILLION DOLLARS A MONTH TO STAVE OFF TOTAL COLLAPSE. ECONOMIC MELTDOWN IS APPROACHING FAST AND THE WORLD NEEDS A STABLE CURRENCY IT CAN RELY ON. FOR 5,000 YEARS, THAT CURRENCY HAS BEEN GOLD.”

There’s simply too much “money” in the world these days and as a consequence things won’t run quite so smoothly within the next few years. You can see it in every economy of nearly every country. The cost of living is going up as currencies become worthless and central banks try and inflate the problem away by printing ever more pieces of paper with numbers on them.

It’s been tried dozens of times through history and it always fails. The dollar’s going down but this time it’s taking the world with it.

Since 1971, the world’s financial system has been based on trust. Currencies are only worth something in exchange for goods because banks say they are – $5 bought you a coffee and a sandwich yesterday so you have faith that it will do so tomorrow. But as trust in financial matters between the public and governments drops to a low not seen since the 1930s, and with none of the world’s currencies tied to anything of true value, the reality of global economic meltdown draws ever closer.

As the world’s reserve currency and, until now, the sole currency of trade for oil, the US dollar forms around 60% of the value of all the currency on the planet, and over half those dollars reside outside the United States. So as the dollar collapses, it creates a domino effect and the rest come crashing down with it.

At such times, the world looks to something with a little more worth than paper to prop up its finances. That thing has to have intrinsic value, a value that does not climb or descend wildly at the pressing of a few buttons in a central bank. It could be a cow, a sack of grain, or a barrel of oil, but for the last thousands of years the most popular item of value has been gold.

There is a finite amount, so it will never lose its value, banks can’t just print more of it when they choose, and it is worth what the market says it is, not what banks dictate. It is durable, you can exchange it for goods and its worth as much or more today as it was thousands of years ago. Now that’s real money.

It’s amazing to think that a lump of gold that may have been used for trade thousands of years ago is still in circulation. It may have been melted down and be part of a bullion bar or it may be worn around someone’s neck, but it’s still around. Try that with a piece of paper.

WHY ARE WE TALKING ABOUT MONEY?

Last month the Islamic State announced plans to mint their own range of gold dinars and silver dirhams in a move to separate themselves from dollar-linked fiat currencies and to establish their own money, a currency that has intrinsic value.

Any country needs its own currency and a move by the Islamic State to gold dinars would be a smart one in today’s turbulent markets. Financial website Quartz wrote, “The gold dinar taps into a deep history of Islamic coinage that stretches back almost to the time of Muhammad himself. The Islamic dinar appeared in 696 AD, when the Umayyad Empire – based in Damascus – stretched from the Iberian Peninsula to the Indus River in South Asia.”

And the value of gold is soaring. In 2006, I possessed a 1kg Bar of gold that was worth, at the time, around $17,000. Sadly it wasn’t mine; a bullion dealer loaned it to me for an article. Staff from all over the building heard about it and would come to ogle over its beauty. Pure gold makes people go a bit strange like that. But if I’d had the money to buy it, that same bar would be worth over $60,000 today.

As they move to expand the Caliphate, it would be befitting for the Islamic State to introduce their own dinars and dirhams. It is a workable, practical form of currency that puts spending power into the hands of businesses and consumers. The gold dinar is one of the most enduring currencies in the world. Gold makes sense when there is an economic crisis fast approaching the likes of which hasn’t been seen in a very long time.

The stranglehold the US dollar had on the world since the Bretton Woods agreement of 1944 – when the world’s currencies were pinned to the dollar, which in turn was pinned to gold at $35 per ounce – is long over. The world had sent America their gold for safekeeping during World War 2 and they’d amassed some 20,000 tons of the stuff. Over the space of a few war torn years, the dollar became the reserve currency of the globe through an internationally recognized gold standard.

America was rolling in cash. But over-expenditure, warfare, and plain greed meant that by the 1960s they were printing far more dollars than they could redeem in gold. The US is estimated to have spent $546 billion alone during the Cold War. They were printing dollars like they were going out of fashion, so the world got nervous, started returning dollars, and asking for their gold back instead.

This created a landslide and the Federal Reserve was forced to admit they didn’t have enough gold to hand back in return. By 1971, President Nixon declared America would no longer redeem dollars for gold unless it was in the “interests of the United States.”

It was the biggest default in modern history. Nixon quickly replaced gold with oil in 1973 by stating that all international transactions with the oil-producing countries of OPEC were to be made in dollars. The infamously corrupt Saudi royal family agreed. In return for using dollars only as the trade currency for oil and investing billions in US bonds, America would provide them military support and protect their oil fields. At Saudi’s bidding, the other OPEC countries fell into line, and the petrodollar was born. The dollar had been pinned to gold, now it was pinned to oil.

“No dollars, no access to the world’s most important commodity,” says Nick Giambruno, a financial advisor at Casey Research. “If Italy wanted to buy oil from Kuwait, it had to first purchase US dollars on the foreign exchange market to pay for the oil, thus creating an artificial demand for US dollars that wouldn’t exist if Italy could pay in euros.”

FOR A WHILE, THINGS WENT TO PLAN

Saudi made trillions. America made trillions. But then Saddam annexed Kuwait in 1991 and the US, holding up their part of the bargain, destroyed his Baathist army. But they didn’t stop there. They then imposed crippling sanctions on the Iraqi people themselves that, through poverty, resulted in the deaths of over 500,000 children alone, until in 2000, the former Baathist regime declared they would sell their oil only in euros and not to “an enemy state.”

America went back in 2003 under the pretence of “weapons of mass destruction” and the “war on terror” and, after ruining the country for its people, immediately turned the oil sales back into dollars. America would start wars and kill hundreds of thousands of people to protect the value of the dollar amongst other economic interests. This was made obvious when the US and its allies sat back and watched while Assad slaughtered more than 200,000 of the people of Syria. However, as soon as the Islamic State moved towards the oil fields of Iraq and Arabia, America immediately got involved.

And despite the aggression to protect the worldwide value of the dollar, leading US politicians and financiers know its days are now numbered. Congressman Ron Paul says a dollar collapse is imminent. “We will know that day is approaching when oil-producing countries demand gold, or its equivalent, for their oil rather than dollars or euros,” he says.

And that’s what’s happening right now. Russia and China trade oil in their own currencies and are amassing so much gold bullion that they are ready to kill the dollar and petrodollar as international tools of trade. China has built a gold mountain of 6,500 tons of bullion. Other countries are trading in euros and gold or planning to do so in the near future.

The largest natural gas producer on the planet, Russian company Gazprom, has recently signed agreements to switch payments from dollars to euros. Gazprom is also a huge producer of oil and it’s a big move in Russia’s de-dollarization efforts. China will follow suit.

And the military actions of the Islamic state have further put the squeeze on the American oil monopoly by attacking, harassing, and taking over the oil supply in lands they have expanded into.

Iraq is the second-largest supplier of oil after Saudi, but Islamic State gains there have heavily disrupted oil supply. Libyan supply has been disrupted by Islamic State attacks while Nigerian production is being hit by mujahidin there. It’s no coincidence and a smart way of hitting America where it hurts, so the US has to rely more on its own supply. In a panic to stop the situation from getting worse, America has invested billions into their own oil and gas drilling programs, making them now the largest oil producer in the world at 11 million barrels per day and entering into an oil price war with their Saudi friends.

So suddenly the market is flooded with cheap oil that everyone can now buy with their increasingly worthless US dollars. You don’t have to be a financial expert to see where it’s all headed. Wars, economic implosion, chronic deflation and eventually a new global financial system that will emerge from the ashes.

Turning to gold at such times makes sense. Gold and silver are still considered the strongest monies in the world because people demand them. They know their value and have used them for millennia. Nobody has invented a better place for humans to live than in a house. Nobody has discovered a better way for people to stay warm than wearing clothes. And nobody has found more stable money than gold. In 1944, the dollar was pinned to gold at $35 per ounce – today it would need to be $15,400 per ounce to cover the number of dollars in circulation!

Venezuelan leader Hugo Chavez could see it coming and started a campaign in 1998 to get Venezuela’s 211 tons of gold back from the US. It took a huge amount of wrangling before their gold came home; countries don’t like letting go of gold once it’s in their vaults. But he started the ball rolling and now everyone wants their bullion. Switzerland, Ecuador, Holland, and Austria are all shouting for their gold back. Germany asked the Fed for their gold in 2012 and was simply told it wasn’t there.

Countries are now rapidly distancing themselves from the dollar before the foreseeable meltdown occurs. Therefore, it makes enormous sense for the Islamic State to mint their own gold dinars. If you’re trading in money that has value on the free market when many other countries are running around with wheelbarrows of paper money to pay for a loaf of bread, you’re in a much stronger position than they. Your economy will flourish while theirs will collapse.

Gold and warfare have always lived hand in hand, as financial author David Graeber writes. “Over the course of the wars of expansion during the time of the Umayyad Empire, enormous quantities of gold and silver were looted from palaces, temples, and monasteries and stamped into coinage, allowing the Caliphate to produce gold dinars and silver dirhams of remarkable purity.”

Of course, many central banks around the world rubbish the idea of a return to gold or a gold standard in the 21st Century, citing that it would be a huge step backwards. But it’s the job of mega bankers to rubbish gold, because if the world were to return to a monetary system based on precious metals, the control they and governments have over the country and financial health of the public would cease to exist. They’d be out of a job. You cannot manipulate the value of gold. It is what the market demands it be. But with paper money you can fiddle around as much as you like. And it’s all designed to bleed as much money as possible out of the average consumer’s pocket.

“Our monetary system steals from the middle class and transfers the wealth to the banks,” says financial expert Mike Maloney. “We’ve seen this throughout history and it just repeats over and over again.”

The world banking system is a scam designed to feed itself and governments. Nothing tangible exists, just a huge amount of paper and lots of numbers on computers. With today’s system, the governments and banks hold all the gold while the public have worthless pieces of paper to play with, and when the economy collapses guess who’ll still have the gold…

That’s why putting precious metal into circulation is good for everyone except the banks. It reverses the process and puts paper money back into the system while the real wealth, precious metals, is in the hands of the people.

The US Federal Reserve is now printing over $1 trillion per year in “Quantitative Easing 3” in a desperate effort to stave off deflation and print its way out of collapse. They may run out of paper in their efforts, but it still won’t work. The dollar’s time is now coming to a close like every other fiat currency before it, and despite the deaths of hundreds of thousands of people to postpone it, history shows it’s inevitable. And for the first time ever, all the world’s currencies are also fiat currencies backed by absolutely nothing. When the collapse comes, it will be shattering…

WHEN SCHOLARS VISIT RULERS


Narrated by Ibn Abbass (Radia Allahu ‘Anhu) that,

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“WHOEVER LIVES THE LIFE OF A BEDOUIN BECOMES COARSE. AND WHOEVER OCCUPIES HIMSELF WITH HUNTING BECOMES HEEDLESS AND WHOEVER VISITS THE RULERS FALLS INTO FITNAH.”
Abu Dawud, Al Tirmidhi, Al Nasai & Al Bayhaqi and is agreeable

Man is affected by his environment and actions. Therefore Islam guides us to which actions we should perform and which actions should be avoided and it also teaches us what environment we should live in and which people we should surround ourselves with.

The line of work one chooses affects his personality. The personal traits one gains from being in the medical field are different than those one gains from being in IT for example. Some professions make people coarse when others make them gentle. In some professions being polite is necessary for success in the field while in others profanity and rudeness is the rule. Even within the same profession one may find differences. The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) says that shepherds of goats and sheep are merciful while shepherds of camels are proud.

In the above quoted hadith The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) mentions three actions and their effects on the person who performs them. The first is living as a Bedouin. The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) says that life as a Bedouin makes a person coarse and rough in their character. The difficulty of life in the desert and the rough environment demand that man develops the traits that are suitable for his survival in such conditions.

The second action is hunting. The ability to find the game and the desire to win against its abilities to deceive, hide and run from the hunter is exiting and can become an addiction.
This may lead to a person foregoing the responsibilities that they have and lead to shortcomings in their religion and thus The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) says they become heedless.

The third action is visiting the rulers. The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) says that the person who visits the rulers falls into fitnah. In the commentary on Sunan Abi Dawud, Awn al Mabood, it says that the meaning of falling into fitnah here is loosing one’s religion.

In Tuhfat al Ahuthi, the commentary on Sunan al Tirmithi it says: “that the one who visits the ruler and adulates him has fell into fitnah but the one who visits him and does not adulate him but advises him and enjoins him to do good and forbids him from doing evil then his visiting to the ruler becomes the greatest Jihad.”

The hadith here refers to the rulers of the Muslims who were Muslim but fell into wrongdoing and oppression. So what should we say about the scholars who visit the rulers of today who have left the folds of Islam altogether? If the hadith states that a person loses his religion by visiting an oppressive ruler what would happen to the religion of those scholars who visit the promoters of apostasy and the protectors of the enemies of ummah?

Entering into the world of the rulers is a fitnah. Their world is an artificial and deceptive one when the scholars come from a pure and clean environment. The environment of the scholars is an honest and straightforward one and does not prepare them for what they face in the world of deception and lies of the kings. These rulers trick the scholars with their words and promises and they win over their loyalty by kind treatment and “gifts”. Doesn’t The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) say: “Give each other gifts and you would love each other”?

Indeed some of these scholars have absorbed in their hearts the love of the rules like Banu Israel absorbed the love of the Calf. These rulers have entrapped many scholars in their webs and recruited them to the role of protecting them, their interests and the interests of their masters, the Jews and Christians, rather than protecting the religion of Allah and the Muslims.

But there will always be a group of this ummah on truth protecting the religion of Allah and there are scholars who stand for the truth and sacrifice for it. There are scholars today who follow the footsteps of Ahmad ibn Hanbal who stood up alone for the truth only to become the Imam of Ahl al Sunnah wal Jama’ah.

SHA’BAN: A MONTH TO WHICH PEOPLE DO NOT PAY ATTENTION


Sha’ban is the name of the (eight) month of the Islamic lunar calendar, and it is so called because in this month the Arabs used to disperse (tasha’aba) in search of water, or it was said that it is so called because it sha’aba (branches out or emerges) i.e., it appears between the months of Rajab and Ramadan.

FASTING IN SHA’BAN:

‘A’ishah (Radia Allahu ‘Anha) said:

“THE MESSENGER (SALLA-ALLAHU ‘ALAYHI WA SALLAM) USED TO FAST UNTIL WE THOUGHT HE WOULD NEVER BREAK HIS FAST, AND NOT FAST UNTIL WE THOUGHT HE WOULD NEVER FAST. I NEVER SAW THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH FASTING FOR AN ENTIRE MONTH EXCEPT IN RAMADAN, AND I NEVER SAW HIM FAST MORE THAN HE DID IN SHA’BAN.”

Bukharee and Muslim

According to a report narrated by Muslim,

“HE USED TO FAST ALL OF SHA’BAN, HE USED TO FAST ALL BUT A LITTLE OF SHA’BAN.”

A group of scholars, including Ibn al-Mubarak and others, thought that the Prophet did not fast all of Sha’ban, but he fasted most of it.

This is supported by a report in Saheeh Muslim narrated from ‘A’ishah (Radia Allahu ‘Anha), who said:

“I NEVER KNEW OF HIM – MEANING THE PROPHET (SALLA-ALLAHU ‘ALAYHI WA SALLAM) – FASTING FOR ANY ENTIRE MONTH APART FROM RAMADAN.”

According to another report also narrated by Muslim, A’ishah said:

“I NEVER SAW HIM FAST FOR ANY ENTIRE MONTH FROM THE TIME HE CAME TO MADINAH, APART FROM RAMADAN.”

It was reported in al-Bukharee and Muslim that Ibn ‘Abbas said:

“THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH (SALLA-ALLAHU ‘ALAYHI WA SALLAM) DID NOT FAST ANY ENTIRE MONTH APART FROM RAMADAN.”

Ibn ‘Abbas regarded it as makruh to fast any entire month apart from Ramadan.

Ibn Hajar (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

“HE OBSERVED MORE VOLUNTARY FASTS IN SHA’BAN THAN IN ANY OTHER MONTH, AND HE USED TO FAST MOST OF SHA’BAN.”

Usamah Ibn Zayd (may Allah be pleased with them both) said:

“I SAID, ‘O MESSENGER OF ALLAH, I DO NOT SEE YOU FASTING IN ANY OTHER MONTH LIKE YOU FAST IN SHA’BAN.’ HE SAID, ‘THAT IS A MONTH TO WHICH PEOPLE DO NOT PAY ATTENTION, BETWEEN RAJAB AND RAMADAN, AND IT IS A MONTH IN WHICH DEEDS ARE LIFTED UP TO THE LORD OF THE WORLDS. I LIKE FOR MY DEEDS TO BE LIFTED UP WHEN I AM FASTING.'”

Al-Nasa’i

According to a report narrated by Abu Dawud, he said:

“THE MOST BELOVED OF MONTHS FOR THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH (SALLA-ALLAHU ‘ALAYHI WA SALLAM) TO FAST IN WAS SHA’BAN, AND HIS FASTING IN SHA’BAN WAS CONTINUOUS WITH HIS FASTING IN RAMADAN.”

Classed as saheeh by al-Albani

Ibn Rajab (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

“FASTING IN SHA’BAN IS BETTER THAN FASTING IN THE SACRED MONTHS, AND THE BEST OF VOLUNTARY FASTS ARE THOSE THAT ARE (OBSERVED IN THE MONTHS) CLOSEST TO RAMADAN, BEFORE OR AFTER. THE STATUS OF THESE FASTS IS LIKE THAT OF AL-SUNAN AL-RAWATIB, WHICH IS DONE BEFORE AND AFTER FARD (OBLIGATORY PRAYERS) AND WHICH MAKES UP FOR ANY SHORTFALL IN THE NUMBER OF OBLIGATORY PRAYERS. THE SAME APPLIES TO FASTS OBSERVED BEFORE AND AFTER RAMADAN. JUST AS AL-SUNAN AL-RAWATIB ARE BETTER THAN OTHER KINDS OF VOLUNTARY PRAYERS, SO FASTS OBSERVED (IN THE MONTHS) BEFORE AND AFTER RAMADAN ARE BETTER THAN FASTS AT OTHER TIMES.”

The phrase

“SHA’BAN IS A MONTH TO WHICH PEOPLE DO NOT PAY ATTENTION, BETWEEN RAJAB AND RAMADAN”

Indicates that because it comes between two important months, the Sacred Month of Rajab and the month of fasting, people are preoccupied with those two months and they do not pay attention to Sha’ban. Many people think that fasting in Rajab is better than fasting in Sha’ban, because Rajab is one of the Sacred Months, but this is not the case.

In the hadeeth quoted above there is an indication that even though certain times, places and people may be commonly thought to possess a particular virtue, there may be others that are better than them.

It also indicates that it is mustahab (recommended) to make good use of the times when people tend to be negligent, by doing acts of worship.

A group of the Salaf used to fill the time between Maghreb and ‘Isha’ with prayer, saying that it was a time when many people were negligent. Another example is the remembrance of Allah (dhikr) in the marketplace, because this means one is remembering Him in a place where people tend to be negligent and among people who are negligent. There are a number of benefits that come from making good use of times when people are often negligent, and using these times for worship, including the following:

It is more concealing of one’s good works and hiding and concealing nawafil (supererogatory) actions is better, especially fasting, because it is a secret between a slave and his Lord. Hence it was said that there is no element of showing off in fasting. One of the Salaf used to fast for years without anybody knowing about it; he would go from his home to the marketplace carrying two loaves of bread, which he would give away in charity, and he would fast. His family thought that he ate the bread, whilst the people in the marketplace thought that he had eaten at home. The Salaf thought it was mustahab for a person who was fasting to do things that would conceal the fact that he was fasting.

It was reported that Ibn Mas’ud (Radia Allahu ‘Anhu) said:

“WHEN YOU GET UP IN THE MORNING AND YOU ARE FASTING, THEN APPLY PERFUME.”

Qutadah said:

“IT IS MUSTAHAB FOR THE [MAN] WHO IS FASTING TO APPLY PERFUME SO THAT THERE WILL BE NO SIGN THAT HE IS FASTING.”

By the same token, doing righteous deeds at times when people are distracted and negligent is more difficult. One of the indications of how virtuous a deed is how difficult it is: if everyone is doing a certain action, it is easy, but if most people are negligent, this makes it more difficult for those who do remember Allah.

Narrated by Ma’qil Ibn Yasar that,
The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

‘WORSHIP AT TIMES OF TRIBULATION (FITNAH) IS LIKE HIJRAH TO ME.’

Sahih Muslim

(The phrase “worship at times of tribulation” refers to times of upheavals and trials, when people follow their own desires, and those who adhere to Islam are doing something difficult.)

The scholars differed as to the reasons why the Prophet (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) fasted so much in Sha’ban.

Their various opinions were as follows:

That he had been unable to fast three days out of every month because he was travelling or for some other reason, so he made them all up together in Sha’ban. When the Prophet (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) began to do some nafl (supererogatory) action, he would persist in it, and if he missed it, he would make it up later. It was said that his wives used to make up the days that they missed of Ramadan in Sha’ban, so he used to fast because of that.

This is the opposite of what was reported from ‘A’ishah, that she used to delay making up days that she had missed in Ramadan until Sha’ban because she was too busy with the Messenger of Allah (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) to fast. It was said that it was because this is a month which people do not pay attention to.

This is the most correct view, because of the hadeeth of Usamah quoted above, in which it says:

“THAT IS A MONTH TO WHICH PEOPLE DO NOT PAY ATTENTION, BETWEEN RAJAB AND RAMADAN.”

When Sha’ban began, if the Prophet (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) still had some voluntary fasts outstanding that he had not fasted, he would make them up during Sha’ban so that his nafl fasts would be complete before Ramadan came. Similarly, if he had missed some Sunnah prayers or he had missed Qiyam al-Layl (night prayer), he would make it up. ‘A’ishah used to make the most of this opportunity to make up any obligatory Ramadan fasts that she had missed because of menstruation; during other months she was too busy with the Prophet (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) to fast.

We should also note here that anyone who has any missed fasts to make up has to make them up before the next Ramadan comes. It is not permissible to delay it until after the following Ramadan except in cases of necessity (such as a valid excuse that continues between the two Ramadans). Whoever is able to make them up before the (second) Ramadan and does not do so has to make them up after the (second) Ramadan and in addition to that, he has to repent and to feed one poor person for each day that he missed. This is the view of Malik, al-Shafa’i and Ahmad.

Another benefit of fasting in Sha’ban is that it is a kind of training for the Ramadan fast, in case a person finds it difficult to fast when Ramadan starts; if he fasts in Sha’ban he will have gotten used to fasting and he will feel strong and energetic when Ramadan comes. Sha’ban is like an introduction to Ramadan and it has some things in common with Ramadan, such as fasting, reciting Qur’an and giving in charity.

Salamah Ibn Suhayl used to say:

“THE MONTH OF SHA’BAN IS THE MONTH OF RECITERS (OF THE QUR’AN).”

Habeeb Ibn Abi Thabit used to say, when Sha’ban came,

“THIS IS THE MONTH OF RECITERS (OF THE QUR’AN).”

When Sha’ban came, ‘Amr Ibn Qays al-Mala’i used to close his store and devote his time to reading the Qur’an.

FASTING AT THE END OF SHA’BAN:

It was reported in al-Bukharee and Muslim from ‘Imran Ibn Husayn (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said to a man,

“HAVE YOU FASTED ANYTHING OF THE SIRAR OF THIS MONTH?” HE SAID, “NO.” HE SAID: “IF YOU HAVE NOT FASTED, THEN FAST TWO DAYS.”

According to a report narrated by al-Bukharee:

I THINK HE MEANT RAMADAN. ACCORDING TO A REPORT NARRATED BY MUSLIM, (THE PROPHET – PBUH) SAID: “HAVE YOU FASTED ANYTHING OF THE SIRAR OF SHA’BAN?”

There was some dispute as to the meaning of the word sirar. The most well known view is that it refers to the end of the month. The end of the month is called sirar because the moon is hidden at that time.

Someone may raise the point that it was reported in al-Bukharee and Muslim from Abu Hurayrah (Radia Allahu ‘Anhu) that the Prophet (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“DO NOT PRE-EMPT RAMADAN BY ONE OR TWO DAYS, EXCEPT FOR THOSE WHO HAVE THE HABIT OF FASTING REGULARLY, IN WHICH CASE THEY MAY FAST.”

Bukharee and Muslim

How can we reconcile the hadeeth which encourages fasting at this time with the hadeeth which says not to fast at this time? The answer is: many of the scholars and most of those who commented on this hadeeth said: this man to whom the Prophet (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) addressed this question was known to have the habit of fasting regularly, or else he had made a vow, so the Prophet (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) commanded him to make up his fast. There are also other points of view on this issue.

IN BRIEF WE MAY SAY THAT THERE ARE THREE SCENARIOS FOR FASTING AT THE END OF SHA’BAN:

The first scenario is when a person fasts at the end of Sha’ban with the intention of being on the safe side and not missing the first day of Ramadan. This is forbidden.

The second scenario is when a person fasts with the intention of fulfilling a vow or of making up a day of Ramadan that he missed or as an act of expiation (kaffarah), etc. This is permissible according to the majority.

The third scenario is when this is purely a voluntary fast. This is regarded as makruh (disliked) by those who said that we should differentiate between Sha’ban and Ramadan by not fasting for a while. Among those who said this was al-Hasan. If it happens to coincide with a day when a person habitually fasts, Malik and those who agreed with him permitted this, but al-Shafa’i, al-‘Awza’i, Ahmad and others made a distinction between cases where it is a fast which a person habitually observes or otherwise.

In conclusion, the hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah quoted above is what we should follow according to the majority of scholars. It is makruh to observe a voluntary fast one or two days before Ramadan for those who do not habitually fast on those days and who have not previously fasted until the end of Sha’ban.

It may be asked: why is it makruh to fast just before Ramadan (for those who do not have a prior habit of fasting)? The answer is that there are a number of reasons why this is so, such as:

Firstly: lest extra days be added to the fast of Ramadan that is not part of it. Fasting on the day of Eid is prohibited for the same reason, lest we fall into the same trap as the People of the Book with regard to fasting, as they added to their fasts because of their own whims and desires. For the same reason it is also forbidden to fast on the “day of doubt”.

‘Ammar said:

“WHOEVER FASTS ON THIS DAY HAS DISOBEYED ABU’L-QASIM (SALLA-ALLAHU ‘ALAYHI WA SALLAM).

The “day of doubt” is a day when people are not sure whether it is Ramadan or not, when news of the sighting of the crescent moon comes from one whose word cannot be accepted. As for a cloudy day, some of the ‘ulama’ said that this was also a ‘day of doubt’ and said that fasting was not allowed on this day. This is the view of the majority.

Secondly: to make a distinction between fard (obligatory) fasts and nafl fasts, because making a clear distinction between fard actions and nafl actions is prescribed in Islam. Hence it is haram to fast on the day of Eid, and the Prophet (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) forbade following an obligatory prayer immediately with another prayer unless they are separated by saying Salam or speaking, especially in the case of the Sunnah prayer performed just before Fajr. It is prescribed to make a clear separation between this prayer and the obligatory prayer. Hence it is prescribed to pray it at home and to lie down afterwards.

When the Prophet (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) saw a man praying at the time when the Iqamah had been given for Fajr, he said to him:

“AL-SUBH IS FOUR RAK`AHS?”

Bukharee

Some ignorant people may think that the reason why we do not fast just before Ramadan is so that we can make the most of eating and have our fill of our desires before we have to deny ourselves by fasting. This is an ignorant mistake on the part of those who think this.

NEIGHBOUR’S RIGHTS


Islam pays attention to the issue of neighbours, whether they are Muslim or not, because of the interests served by that in making the nation like one body.

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

‘JIBREEL KEPT ON ENJOINING THE GOOD TREATMENT OF NEIGHBOURS TO THE EXTENT THAT I THOUGHT THAT HE WOULD INCLUDE NEIGHBOURS AS HEIRS.”

Agreed upon. Sahih Muslim 2625

Among the rights of one neighbour over another as affirmed by Islam are the initiation of greetings, visiting him if he is sick, offering condolences if calamity befalls him, congratulating him at times of joy, overlooking his mistakes, concealing his faults, bearing his annoyance with patience, giving him gifts, lending him money if he needs it, lowering one’s gaze from looking at his womenfolk, and guiding him to that which will benefit him in his religious and worldly affairs.

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“THE BEST OF COMPANIONS WITH ALLAAH IS THE ONE WHO IS BEST TO HIS COMPANION, AND THE BEST OF NEIGHBOURS WITH HIM IS THE ONE WHO IS BEST TO HIS NEIGHBOUR.”

Sahih Bukhaari in Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 115

Concerning neighbours’ rights, Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) says in the Noble Qur’an:

“WORSHIP ALLAAH AND JOIN NONE WITH HIM (IN WORSHIP); AND DO GOOD TO PARENTS, KINSFOLK, ORPHANS, AL-MASAAKEEN (THE POOR), THE NEIGHBOUR WHO IS NEAR OF KIN, THE NEIGHBOUR WHO IS A STRANGER, THE COMPANION BY YOUR SIDE…”

Surah An-Nisaa’ 4:36

Islam warns against annoying one’s neighbours or treating them badly.

The Messenger (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) explained that this would lead to being deprived of Paradise:

“HE WILL NOT ENTER PARADISE FROM WHOSE HARM HIS NEIGHBOUR IS NOT SAFE.”

Agreed upon. Sahih Muslim 64

In order to achieve the common interest, Islam gives rights to the ruler over his subjects and to the subjects over their ruler and its gives the husband rights over his wife and the wife rights over her husband, and there are other just rights which Islam has enjoined.

Narrated by Abu Hurayrah (Radia Allahu ‘Anhu) that,

A MAN SAID: O MESSENGER OF ALLAH, “SO AND SO (A WOMAN) – AND HE SPOKE OF HOW MUCH SHE PRAYED AND FASTED AND GAVE CHARITY – BUT SHE ANNOYS HER NEIGHBOURS WITH HER (SHARP) TONGUE.” HE (SALLA-ALLAHU ‘ALAYHI WA SALLAM) SAID: “SHE WILL BE IN HELL.”

HE SAID: “O MESSENGER OF ALLAH, SO AND SO (ANOTHER WOMAN) – AND HE SPOKE OF HOW LITTLE SHE FASTED AND GAVE CHARITY AND PRAYED – BUT SHE GIVES CHEESE IN CHARITY AND SHE DOES NOT ANNOY HER NEIGHBOURS WITH HER (SHARP) TONGUE.” HE (SALLA-ALLAHU ‘ALAYHI WA SALLAM) SAID: “SHE WILL BE IN PARADISE.”

Ahmad in al-Musnad 2/440 and classed as Sahih by Al-Albany in Al-Targheeb Wa’l-Tarheeb 3/321 and by Shaykh Al-Albany in Al-Silsilah Al-Saheehah 190

(Taken From the book “Usool Al-Deen Al-Islami by Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Ibrahim Al-Tuwayjri)