SUBHAN-ALLAHI WA BIHAMDIHI


The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

” THERE ARE TWO STATEMENTS THAT ARE LIGHT FOR THE TONGUE TO REMEMBER, HEAVY IN THE SCALES AND ARE DEAR TO THE MERCIFUL: `SUBHAN-ALLAHI WA BIHAMDIHI, SUBHAN-ALLAHIL-AZIM [GLORY BE TO ALLAH AND HIS IS THE PRAISE, (AND) ALLAH, THE GREATEST IS FREE FROM IMPERFECTION}]”

Bukhari & Muslim

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“THE UTTERING OF THE WORDS: “SUBHAN-ALLAH (ALLAH IS FREE FROM IMPERFECTION), AL-HAMDU LILLAH (ALL PRAISE IS DUE TO ALLAH), LA ILAHA ILL ALLAH (THERE IS NO TRUE GOD EXCEPT ALLAH) AND ALLAHU AKBAR (ALLAH IS THE GREATEST)’ IS DEARER TO ME THAN ANYTHING OVER WHICH THE SUN RISES.”

Muslim

Abu Dharr (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said to me,

“Shall I tell you the expression that is most loved by Allah?” It is

`SUBHAN-ALLAHI WA BIHAMDIHI

(Allah is free from imperfection and His is the praise)

Muslim

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“WHOEVER SAYS ‘SUBHAN’ ALLAHI WA BIHAMDIHI’ (GLORY BE TO ALLAH AND PRAISE HIM) AT MORNING AND EVENING, ONE HUNDRED TIMES, NONE SHALL COME ON THE DAY OF RESURRECTION WITH ANYTHING BETTER EXCEPT SOMEONE WHO HAS SAID THE SAME OR MORE.”

Muslim

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“AND HE WHO UTTERS: `SUBHAN-ALLAHI WA BIHAMDIHI (ALLAH IS FREE FROM IMPERFECTION AND HIS IS THE PRAISE)’ ONE HUNDRED TIMES A DAY, HIS SINS WILL BE OBLITERATED EVEN IF THEY ARE EQUAL TO THE EXTENT OF THE FOAM OF THE OCEAN.”

Bukhari & Muslim

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“A PALM TREE IS PLANTED FOR THE RECITER ‘SUBHAN’ ALLAHI WA BIHAMDIHI, SUBHAN’ ALLAHIL-‘ADHEEM’ (GLORY BE TO ALLAH, AND PRAISE, GLORY BE TO ALLAH, THE SUPREME) IN PARADISE.”

Al-Hakim & Tirmidhi

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“WHOEVER RECITES SUBHAN’ALLAH (GLORY BE TO ALLAH) ONE HUNDRED TIMES, A THOUSAND GOOD DEEDS ARE RECORDED FOR HIM OR A THOUSAND BAD DEEDS ARE WIPED AWAY.”

Muslim

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“HE WHO UTTERS A HUNDRED TIMES IN A DAY THESE WORDS:

‘LA ILAHA ILLALLAHU, WAHDAHU LA SHARIKA LAHU, LAHUL-MULKU WA LAHUL-HAMDU, WA HUWA `ALA KULLI SHA’IN QADIR’

(There is no true god except Allah. He is One and He has no partner with Him; His is the sovereignty and His is the praise, and He is Omnipotent)

HE WILL HAVE A REWARD EQUIVALENT TO THAT FOR EMANCIPATING TEN SLAVES, A HUNDRED GOOD DEEDS WILL BE RECORDED TO HIS CREDIT, HUNDRED OF HIS SINS WILL BE BLOTTED OUT FROM HIS SCROLL, AND HE WILL BE SAFEGUARDED AGAINST THE DEVIL ON THAT DAY TILL THE EVENING; AND NO ONE WILL EXCEED HIM IN DOING MORE EXCELLENT GOOD DEEDS EXCEPT SOMEONE WHO HAS RECITED THESE WORDS MORE OFTEN THAN HIM. AND HE WHO UTTERS:

‘SUBHAN-ALLAHI WA BIHAMDIHI’

(Allah is free from imperfection and His is the praise)

ONE HUNDRED TIMES A DAY, HIS SINS WILL BE OBLITERATED EVEN IF THEY ARE EQUAL TO THE EXTENT OF THE FOAM OF THE OCEAN.”

Bukhari & Muslim

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“WUDU’ IS HALF OF SALAT AND THE EXPRESSION: `SUBHAN-ALLAH (ALLAH IS FREE FROM IMPERFECTION)’ FILLS THE BALANCE, AND THE EXPRESSION:

‘AL-HAMDU LILLAH (PRAISE BE TO ALLAH)’ FILLS THE SPACE BETWEEN THE HEAVENS AND THE EARTH.”

Muslim

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“HE WHO RECITES AFTER EVERY PRAYER: SUBHAN-ALLAH (ALLAH IS FREE FROM IMPERFECTION) THIRTY-THREE TIMES; AL-HAMDU LILLAH (PRAISE BE TO ALLAH) THIRTY-THREE TIMES; ALLAHU AKBAR (ALLAH IS GREATEST) THIRTY-THREE TIMES; AND COMPLETES THE HUNDRED WITH: LA ILAHA ILLALLAHU, WAHDAHU LA SHARIKA LAHU, LAHUL-MULKU WA LAHUL-HAMDU, WA HUWA `ALA KULLI SHAI’IN QADIR (THERE IS NO TRUE GOD EXCEPT ALLAH. HE IS ONE AND HE HAS NO PARTNER WITH HIM. HIS IS THE SOVEREIGNTY AND HIS IS THE PRAISE, AND HE IS OMNIPOTENT), WILL HAVE ALL HIS SINS PARDONED EVEN IF THEY MAY BE AS LARGE AS THE FOAM ON THE SURFACE OF THE SEA.”

Muslim

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“THERE ARE SOME WORDS, THE RECITERS OF WHICH WILL NEVER BE DISAPPOINTED. THESE ARE: TASBIH [SAYING `SUBHAN-ALLAH’ (ALLAH IS FREE FROM IMPERFECTION)], THIRTY-THREE TIMES, TAHMID [SAYING `AL-HAMDU LILLAH’ (PRAISE BE TO ALLAH)] THIRTY-THREE TIMES AND TAKBIR [SAYING `ALLAHU AKBAR’ (ALLAH IS GREATEST)] THIRTY-FOUR TIMES; AND THESE SHOULD BE RECITED AFTER THE CONCLUSION OF EVERY PRESCRIBED PRAYER.”

Muslim

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“EVERY MORNING CHARITY IS DUE FROM EVERY JOINT BONE OF THE BODY OF EVERY ONE OF YOU. EVERY UTTERANCE OF ALLAH’S GLORIFICATION (I.E., SUBHAN-ALLAH) IS AN ACT OF CHARITY, AND EVERY UTTERANCE OF PRAISE OF HIM (I.E., AL-HAMDU LILLAH) IS AN ACT OF CHARITY, AND EVERY UTTERANCE OF PROFESSION OF FAITH (I.E., LA ILAHA ILL ALLAH) IS AN ACT OF CHARITY, AND EVERY UTTERANCE OF HIS GREATNESS (I.E., ALLAHU AKBAR) IS AN ACT OF CHARITY; AND ENJOINING GOOD IS AN ACT OF CHARITY AND FORBIDDING WHAT IS DISREPUTABLE IS AN ACT OF CHARITY; AND TWO RAK`AH PRAYER WHICH ONE OFFERS IN THE FORENOON (AD-DUHA) WILL SUFFICE FOR ALL THIS.”

Muslim

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“I MET IBRAHIM (PBUH) ON THE NIGHT OF ASCENSION (AL-ASRA), AND HE SAID TO ME: `O MUHAMMAD, CONVEYS MY GREETINGS TO YOUR UMMAH, AND TELLS THEM THAT JANNAH HAS A VAST PLAIN OF PURE SOIL AND SWEET WATER. IT IS A PLAIN LEVELLED LAND. THE PLANTS GROW THERE BY UTTERING: SUBHAN-ALLAH, AL-HAMDU LILLAH, LA ILAHA ILL ALLAH AND ALLAHU AKBAR (ALLAH IS FREE FROM IMPERFECTION; PRAISE BE TO ALLAH; THERE IS NO TRUE GOD EXCEPT ALLAH; AND ALLAH IS GREATEST).”

Tirmidhi

SA`D BIN ABU WAQQAS (MAY ALLAH BE PLEASED WITH HIM) REPORTED: WE WERE WITH THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH (PBUH) WHEN HE ASKED, “IS ANYONE OF YOU UNABLE TO EARN A THOUSAND GOOD DEEDS?” ONE OF THOSE PRESENT ASKED: “HOW CAN ONE EARN THOUSAND GOOD DEEDS IN A DAY?” HE (PBUH) REPLIED, “BY SAYING: SUBHAN ALLAH A  HUNDRED TIMES, THEN ONE THOUSAND GOOD DEEDS WILL BE RECORDED FOR HIM OR ONE THOUSAND SINS WILL BE BLOTTED OUT FROM HIS RECORD.”

Muslim

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SUBAHAN-ALLAHI WA BIHAMDIHI

LIGHT ON THE TONGUE BUT HEAVY ON THE SCALES:

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

There are two statements that are light for the tongue to remember, heavy in the Scales and are dear to the Merciful: `Subhan-Allahi wa bihamdihi, Subhan-Allahil-Azim [Glory be to Allah and His is the praise, (and) Allah, the Greatest is free from imperfection}]

Bukhari & Muslim

Riyad-ul-Saliheen Commentary: This Hadith affirms that man’s actions carry weight. On the Day of Judgement, his actions will be cast into the Balance. At that time Allah will endow these actions with weight, or according to some scholars, those records which register man’s actions will be weighed. This is quite possible for the reason that Almighty Allah is Capable of weighing things without even their physical form. This discussion apart, when actions will be cast into the Balance, the formula mentioned in the Hadith, the utterance of which is very easy, will prove weighty. Every Muslim should make it a practice to repeat them frequently.

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“The uttering of the words: “Subhan-Allah (Allah is free from imperfection), Al-hamdu lillah (all praise is due to Allah), La ilaha ill Allah (there is no true god except Allah) and Allahu Akbar (Allah is the Greatest)’ is dearer to me than anything over which the sun rises.”

Muslim

Commentary:  This Hadith highlights the fact that the formulas which mention the Praise and Glory of Allah, His Majesty and Oneness are liked by the Prophet (PBUH) more than anything in the world, because this is one of the virtues which will survive and will be rewarded, while the world and all that it has will perish.

EXPRESSION THAT IS MOST LOVED BY ALLAH:

Abu Dharr (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah said to me, “Shall I tell you the expression that is most loved by Allah?”

It is `Subhan-Allahi wa bihamdihi
(Allah is free from imperfection and His is the praise)’.”

Muslim

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“Whoever says ‘Subhan’ Allahi wa bihamdihi’ (Glory be to Allah and Praise Him) at morning and evening, one hundred times, none shall come on the Day of Resurrection with anything better except someone who has said the same or more.”

Muslim

OBLITERATING SINS OF THE EXTENT OF THE FOAM OF THE OCEAN:

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“And he who utters: `Subhan-Allahi wa bihamdihi (Allah is free from imperfection and His is the praise)’ one hundred times a day, his sins will be obliterated even if they are equal to the extent of the foam of the ocean.”

Bukhari & Muslim

Commentary: Here sins mean minor sins and those which do not relate to the rights of people.

Juwairiyah bint Al-Harith (May Allah be pleased with her) reported, the Mother of the Believers: The Prophet (PBUH) came out from my apartment in the morning as I was busy in performing the dawn prayer. He came back in the forenoon and found me sitting there. The Prophet (PBUH) said, “Are you still in the same position as I left you.” I replied in the affirmative. Thereupon the Prophet said, “I recited four words three times after I had left you. If these are to be weighed against all you have recited since morning, these will be heavier. These are: Subhan-Allahi wa bihamdihi, `adada khalqihi, wa rida nafsihi, wa zinatah `arshihi, wa midada kalimatihi [Allah is free from imperfection and I begin with His praise, as many times as the number of His creatures, in accordance with His Good Pleasure, equal to the weight of His Throne and equal to the ink that may be used in recording the words (for His Praise)].”

Muslim

Commentary: The recitation of the words quoted in this Hadith is highly meritorious and rewarding because they are full of Praise and Glorification of Allah.

A PALM-TREE WILL BE PLANTED IN PARADISE:


The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“For him who says: `Subhan-Allahi wa bi hamdihi (Allah is free from imperfection, and I begin with praising Him and to Him),’ a palm-tree will be planted in Jannah.”

Tirmidhi

Commentary: Jannah is so vast that we cannot even imagine its vastness. The planting of trees in return for the Praise and Glorification of Allah is, therefore, neither something difficult nor surprising. So, there should not be any hesitation in accepting it as a fact. Some people take it is as a metaphor for a plentiful reward.

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“A palm tree is planted for the reciter ‘Subhan’ Allahi wa bihamdihi, Subhan’ Allahil-‘Adheem’ (Glory be to Allah, and Praise, Glory be to Allah, the Supreme) in Paradise.”

Al-Hakim & Tirmidhi

MEANINGS OF ‘AL-ADHEEM’:

 

Al-`Adheem. This name has two meanings to it.

 

The first is that all the meanings of perfection and greatness belong to Allah (Subhanahu wa ta`aalaa) and none else. His knowledge is perfect and all encompassing, his power is perfect and all encompassing, nothing weakens Him and His wisdom is perfect.

 

The second meaning is that nobody should be therefore glorified or worshipped except for Allah. And that any praise you give to the creation is because Allah has given that quality to the object praised. So praise is again really due to Allah. Understanding this makes a person subdued and makes him realize his need to worship the Creator of the universe and all that it contains.

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“Whoever recites Subhan’Allah (Glory be to Allah) one Hundred times, a thousand good deeds are recorded for him or a thousand bad deeds are wiped away.”

Muslim

 

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“He who utters a hundred times in a day these words:

‘La ilaha illallahu, wahdahu la sharika lahu, lahul-mulku wa lahul-hamdu, wa Huwa `ala kulli sha’in Qadir’

(There is no true god except Allah. He is One and He has no partner with Him; His is the sovereignty and His is the praise, and He is Omnipotent)

he will have a reward equivalent to that for emancipating ten slaves, a hundred good deeds will be recorded to his credit, hundred of his sins will be blotted out from his scroll, and he will be safeguarded against the devil on that day till the evening; and no one will exceed him in doing more excellent good deeds except someone who has recited these words more often than him. And he who utters:

‘Subhan-Allahi wa bihamdihi’

(Allah is free from imperfection and His is the praise)

One hundred times a day, his sins will be obliterated even if they are equal to the extent of the foam of the ocean.”

Bukhari & Muslim

Commentary:  Here sins mean minor sins and those which do not relate to the rights of people. This point has already been elaborated in the preceding Hadith.

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“Wudu’ is half of Salat and the expression: `Subhan-Allah (Allah is free from imperfection)’ fills the Balance, and the expression:

‘Al-Hamdu Lillah (praise be to Allah)’ fills the space between the heavens and the earth.”

Muslim

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“He who recites after every prayer: Subhan-Allah (Allah is free from imperfection) thirty-three times; Al-Hamdu Lillah (praise be to Allah) thirty-three times; Allahu Akbar (Allah is Greatest) thirty-three times; and completes the hundred with: La ilaha illallahu, wahdahu la sharika lahu, lahul-mulku wa lahul-hamdu, wa Huwa `ala kulli shai’in Qadir (there is no true god except Allah. He is One and He has no partner with Him. His is the sovereignty and His is the praise, and He is Omnipotent), will have all his sins pardoned even if they may be as large as the foam on the surface of the sea.”

Muslim

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“There are some words, the reciters of which will never be disappointed. These are: Tasbih [saying `Subhan-Allah’ (Allah is free from imperfection)], thirty-three times, Tahmid [saying `Al-Hamdu Lillah’ (praise be to Allah)] thirty-three times and Takbir [saying `Allahu Akbar’ (Allah is Greatest)] thirty-four times; and these should be recited after the conclusion of every prescribed prayer.”

Muslim

Commentary:  “Muaqqibat” means the words of Praise and Glorification of Allah which are recited after Salat. This Hadith says that the words “Allahu Akbar” should be recited thirty-four times.

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“Every morning charity is due from every joint bone of the body of every one of you. Every utterance of Allah’s Glorification (i.e., Subhan-Allah) is an act of charity, and every utterance of praise of Him (i.e., Al-Hamdu Lillah) is an act of charity, and every utterance of profession of Faith (i.e., La ilaha ill Allah) is an act of charity, and every utterance of His Greatness (i.e., Allahu Akbar) is an act of charity; and enjoining good is an act of charity and forbidding what is disreputable is an act of charity; and two Rak`ah prayer which one offers in the forenoon (Ad-Duha) will suffice for all this.”

Muslim

Commentary: This Hadith brings into prominence the distinction of the two Rak`ah of Ad-Duha as it is a means to express one’s gratitude to Allah for 360 joints in one’s body. Similarly, the Praise and Glorification of Allah, the declaration of His Oneness, enjoining good and forbidding vices are all Sadaqah of man’s body.

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“I met Ibrahim (PBUH) on the Night of Ascension (Al-Asra), and he said to me: `O Muhammad, conveys my greetings to your Ummah, and tells them that Jannah has a vast plain of pure soil and sweet water. It is a plain levelled land. The plants grow there by uttering: Subhan-Allah, Al-Hamdu Lillah, La ilaha ill Allah and Allahu Akbar (Allah is free from imperfection; praise be to Allah; there is no true god except Allah; and Allah is Greatest).”

Tirmidhi

Commentary: Qi`an is the plural of Qa` which means plain levelled land that does not have any tree. Trees grow on the plain land of Jannah in return for remembrance and Glorification of Allah. The more one remembers Allah, the greater is the number of trees which grow on the piece of land that will be awarded to him.

Sa`d bin Abu Waqqas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: We were with the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) when he asked, “Is anyone of you unable to earn a thousand good deeds?” One of those present asked: “How can one earn thousand good deeds in a day?” He (PBUH) replied, “By saying: Subhan Allah a  hundred times, then one thousand good deeds will be recorded for him or one thousand sins will be blotted out from his record.”

Muslim

Commentary: One thousand good deeds in return for saying the word “Subhan-Allah” is a minimum reward under the promise that says  i.e., ten-fold reward would be given for each good deed. The words “Au yuhattu’’ is open to disagreement among the religious scholars. Some of them have mentioned it with “Au” which means one gets one thousand good deeds or a thousand sins are forgiven; while others have mentioned this Hadith with the word “Wa yuhattu”, that is, one is given a thousand virtues and a similar number of sins are pardoned.

 

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