HOMOSEXUALITY: GAY & LESBIAN BOTH SHOULD BE KILLED


The crime of homosexuality is one of the greatest of crimes, the worst of sins and the most abhorrent of deeds, and Allaah punished those who did it in a way that He did not punish other nations. It is indicative of violation of the fitrah, total misguidance, weak intellect and lack of religious commitment, and it is a sign of doom and deprivation of the mercy of Allaah. We ask Allaah to keep us safe and sound.

Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) said:

“AND (REMEMBER) LOOT (LOT), WHEN HE SAID TO HIS PEOPLE: ‘DO YOU COMMIT THE WORST SIN SUCH AS NONE PRECEDING YOU HAS COMMITTED IN THE ‘AALAMEEN (MANKIND AND JINN)? ‘VERILY, YOU PRACTICE YOUR LUSTS ON MEN INSTEAD OF WOMEN. NAY, BUT YOU ARE A PEOPLE TRANSGRESSING BEYOND BOUNDS (BY COMMITTING GREAT SINS).’ AND THE ANSWER OF HIS PEOPLE WAS ONLY THAT THEY SAID: ‘DRIVE THEM OUT OF YOUR TOWN; THESE ARE INDEED MEN WHO WANT TO BE PURE (FROM SINS)!’ THEN WE SAVED HIM AND HIS FAMILY, EXCEPT HIS WIFE; SHE WAS OF THOSE WHO REMAINED BEHIND (IN THE TORMENT). AND WE RAINED DOWN ON THEM A RAIN (OF STONES). THEN SEE WHAT WAS THE END OF THE MUJRIMOON (CRIMINALS, POLYTHEISTS AND SINNERS)”
(Surah Al-A’raaf 7:80-84)

Allaah did not test anyone with this major sin before the people of Loot, and He punished them with a punishment that He did not send upon any other nation; He combined all kinds of punishment for them, such as destruction, turning their houses upside down, causing them to be swallowed up by the earth, sending stones down upon them from the sky, taking away their sight, punishing them and making their punishment ongoing, and wreaking vengeance upon them such as was not wrought upon any other nation. That was because of the greatness of the evil consequences of this crime which the earth can hardly bear if it is committed upon it, and the angels flee to the farthest reaches of heaven and earth if they witness it, lest the punishment be sent upon those who do it and they be stricken along with them. The earth cries out to its Lord, may He be blessed and exalted, and the mountains almost shift from their places.

Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) said:

“VERILY, BY YOUR LIFE (O MUHAMMAD), IN THEIR WILD INTOXICATION, THEY WERE WANDERING BLINDLY. SO AS SAIHAH (TORMENT — AWFUL CRY) OVERTOOK THEM AT THE TIME OF SUNRISE. AND WE TURNED (THE TOWNS OF SODOM IN PALESTINE) UPSIDE DOWN AND RAINED DOWN ON THEM STONES OF BAKED CLAY. SURELY, IN THIS ARE SIGNS FOR THOSE WHO SEE (OR UNDERSTAND OR LEARN THE LESSONS FROM THE SIGNS OF ALLAAH). AND VERILY, THEY (THE CITIES) WERE RIGHT ON THE HIGHROAD (FROM MAKKAH TO SYRIA, I.E. THE PLACE WHERE THE DEAD SEA IS NOW)”
(Surah Al-Hijr 15:72-76)

The companions of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) agreed unanimously that the homosexual is to be executed, and none of them differed concerning that. Rather they differed as to the method of execution.

Narrated by Ibn ‘Abbaas (Radia Allahu ‘Anhu) that,

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“WHOEVER YOU FIND DOING THE ACTION OF THE PEOPLE OF LOOT, EXECUTE THE ONE WHO DOES IT AND THE ONE TO WHOM IT IS DONE.”
Tirmidhi 1456), Abu Dawood 4462 and Ibn Maajah 2561. Classed as Saheeh by Al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi

They (gays and lesbians) both go against the natural disposition (fitrah) which Allaah has created in mankind – and also in animals – whereby the male is inclined towards the female, and vice versa.

Narrated by Ibn ‘Abbaas (Radia Allahu ‘Anhu) that,

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“MAY ALLAAH CURSE THE ONE WHO DOES THE ACTION OF THE PEOPLE OF LOOT, MAY ALLAAH CURSE THE ONE WHO DOES THE ACTION OF THE PEOPLE OF LOOT,” THREE TIMES.
Ahmad 2915. This was classed as hasan by Shu’ayb Al Arna’oot in Tahqeeq Al-Musnad

He cursed those who do a variety of major sins, but he did not curse any of them more than once, but he repeated the curse for the homosexual three times.

The Sahaabah were unanimously agreed on the execution of homosexuals, but they differed as to how they were to be executed.

Ali Ibn Abu Taleb (Radia Allahu ‘Anhu) & Abu Bakr (Radia Allahu ‘Anhu) said that,

“THOSE WHO COMMIT THE ACTION OF PEOPLE OF LOOT SHOULD BE BURNED IN FIRE.”

The spread of homosexuality has caused man diseases which neither the east nor the west can deny exist because of them. The only result of this perversion was AIDS, which attacks the immune system, would be enough.

Ibn ‘Abbaas (Radia Allahu ‘Anhu) said that,

“THOSE WHO COMMIT THE ACTION OF PEOPLE OF LOOT SHOULD BE THROWN DOWN FROM A HIGH PLACE THEN HAVE STONES THROWN AT THEM.”

Ali Ibn Abu Taleb (Radia Allahu ‘Anhu) & Ibn ‘Abbaas (Radia Allahu ‘Anhu) said that,

“THOSE WHO COMMIT THE ACTION OF PEOPLE OF LOOT SHOULD BE THROWN DOWN FROM A HIGH PLACE THEN HAVE STONES THROWN AT THEM.”

Ibn al-Qayyim (Rahimullah) discuss the views of scholars in his book ‘Al-Jawaab Al-Kaafi’ li Man Sa’Ala ‘An Al-Dawa’ Al-Shaafi as follows:

The evil consequences of homosexuality are among the worst of evil consequences, so its punishment is one of the most severe of punishments in this world and in the Hereafter. Whether it is to be punished more severely than zina, or whether the punishment for zina should be more severe, or whether the punishments should be the same. There are three points of view:

Abu Bakr, Ali Ibn Abu Taleb, Kalid Ibn Al Waleed, Abd Allah Ibn Al Zubayr, Abd Allah ibn Abbas, Imam Malik, Ishaaq Ibn Rahawayh, Imam Ahmad & Imam Shaafa’I said that,

“THE PUNISHMENT FOR HOMOSEXUALITY SHOULD BE MORE SEVERE THAN THE PUNISHMENT FOR ZINA, AND THE PUNISHMENT IS EXECUTION IN ALL CASES, WHETHER THE PERSON IS MARRIED OR NOT.”

Al-Shaafa’I & Imam Ahman said that,

‘THE PUNISHMENT FOR THE HOMOSEXUAL SHOULD BE THE SAME AS THE PUNISHMENT FOR THE ADULTERER.’

Imam Abu Haneefah said that,

‘THE PUNISHMENT FOR THE HOMOSEXUAL SHOULD BE LESS SEVERE THAN THE PUNISHMENT FOR THE ADULTERER, AND IT IS A PUNISHMENT TO BE DETERMINED BY THE JUDGE (TA’ZEER).’

Narrated by Ibn ‘Abbaas (Radia Allahu ‘Anhu) that,

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“WHOEVER YOU FIND DOING THE ACTION OF THE PEOPLE OF LOOT, EXECUTE THE ONE WHO DOES IT AND THE ONE TO WHOM IT IS DONE.”
Al-Sunan and was Classed as Saheeh by Ibn Hibbaan and others. Imam Ahmad quoted this hadeeth as evidence, and its isnaad meets the conditions of al-Bukhaari.

Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) said:

“AND COME NOT NEAR TO UNLAWFUL SEX. VERILY, IT IS A FAAHISHAH (I.E. ANYTHING THAT TRANSGRESSES ITS LIMITS: A GREAT SIN), AND AN EVIL WAY (THAT LEADS ONE TO HELL UNLESS ALLAAH FORGIVES HIM)”
Surah Al-Isra’ 17:32

WHEN ALLAAH MENTIONED ZINA, HE DESCRIBED IT AS A “GREAT SIN” (FAAHISHAH – INDEFINITE) AMONG OTHER GREAT SINS, BUT WHEN HE MENTIONED HOMOSEXUALITY, HE CALLED IT “THE WORST SIN” (AL-FAAHISHAH – DEFINITE). THIS SUGGESTS THAT IT CONTAINS ALL THE ESSENCE OF EVIL AND SIN.
Al-Jawaab al-Kaafi – Page 260 – 263

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (Rahimullah) said that,

‘THE HADD PUNISHMENT FOR IT IS THE SAME AS THE HADD PUNISHMENT FOR ZINA, AND IT WAS SAID THAT IT IS LESS THAN THAT.’

But the correct view on which the Sahaabah were unanimously agreed is that,

‘BOTH ARE TO BE KILLED, THE ACTIVE AND THE PASSIVE PARTNERS, WHETHER THEY ARE MARRIED OR NOT.’

ALLAAH STONED THE PEOPLE OF LOOT, AND STONING IS PRESCRIBED FOR THE ZAANI BY ANALOGY WITH THE STONING OF THE HOMOSEXUAL. BOTH ARE TO BE STONED, WHETHER THEY ARE FREE OR SLAVES, OR ONE OF THEM IS THE SLAVE OF THE OTHER, IF THEY HAVE REACHED THE AGE OF PUBERTY. IF ONE OF THEM HAS NOT REACHED THE AGE OF PUBERTY, HE IS TO BE PUNISHED BUT NOT STONED, AND NONE IS TO BE STONED EXCEPT ONE WHO HAS REACHED PUBERTY.
Al-Siyaasah Al-Shar’iyyah Page 138

THERE IS NO HADD PUNISHMENT IF THE ONE WHO HAS BEEN SODOMIZED IS FORCED INTO IT, SUCH AS IF THE ONE WHO DID IT OVERPOWERED HIM OR THREATENED HIM WITH DEATH OR BEATING AND THE LIKE
Sharh Muntaha Al Iraadaat 3/348

IF THE ONE TO WHOM IT WAS DONE IS A MINOR AND HAS NOT REACHED THE AGE OF PUBERTY. THERE IS NO HADD PUNISHMENT IN THIS CASE, BUT HE SHOULD BE DISCIPLINED AND PUNISHED IN A WAY THAT WILL DETER HIM FROM COMMITTING THIS CRIME.
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah

Ibn Qudaamah (Rahimullah) said that,

‘THERE IS NO DIFFERENCE OF OPINION AMONG THE SCHOLARS CONCERNING THE FACT THAT THE HADD PUNISHMENT SHOULD NOT BE CARRIED OUT ON ONE WHO IS INSANE OR A BOY WHO HAS NOT YET REACHED THE AGE OF PUBERTY.
Al-Mughni 9/62

The Muslims there feel total abhorrence towards this shameful act, because their religion, Islam, emphatically forbids this deed and prescribes a severe punishment for it, in this world and the next.

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“WHOEVER YOU FIND COMMITTING THE SIN OF THE PEOPLE OF LUT (LOT), KILL THEM, BOTH THE ONE WHO DOES IT AND THE ONE TO WHOM IT IS DONE” – I.E. IF IT IS DONE WITH CONSENT.”
Tirmidhi in his Sunan 1376

The scholars of Islam said that,

‘THE PERSON GUILTY OF HOMOSEXUALITY SHOULD BE STONED, WHETHER HE IS MARRIED OR UNMARRIED.’
Maalik, Al-Shaafi’i, Ahmad and Ishaaq

THE DAYS OF AL-TASHREEQ


The days of Tashreeq are the three days following Eid al-Adha, namely the 11th, 12th and 13th of Dhu’l-Hijjah.

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“THE DAYS OF TASHREEQ ARE THE DAYS OF EATING AND DRINKING.”

Saheeh Muslim 1141 from the hadith of Nubayshah al-Hadhali 

In His Book Allah commands us to eat of good things and thank Him for them. So whoever uses Allah’s blessings to commit sin is showing ingratitude for the blessing of Allah, so he deserves to have it taken away from him.

There are several verses and ahaadeeth which speak of their virtue:

Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) said:

“AND REMEMBER ALLAAH DURING THE APPOINTED DAYS”

Surah Al-Baqarah 2:203

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“THE DAY OF ‘ARAFAH, THE DAY OF SACRIFICE (AL-NAHR) AND THE DAYS OF TASHREEQ ARE OUR EID, US MUSLIMS, AND THEY ARE DAYS OF EATING AND DRINKING.”

Al-Nasaa’I 3004, Al-Tirmidhi 773 & Abu Dawood 2419 from the hadith of ‘Uqbah ibn ‘Amir. Classed as Saheeh by al-Albany in Saheeh Abi Dawood

These are the days of Tashreeq. This was the view of Ibn ‘Umar and most of the scholars.

Remembering Him by saying Bismillah and Allaahu Akbar when slaughtering the sacrificial animal. The time for slaughtering the hadiy and udhiyah lasts until the end of days of Tashreeq.

Remembering Allah when eating and drinking. It is prescribed when eating and drinking to say Bismillah at the beginning, and to praise Him (say Al-hamdu Lillaah) at the end.

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“ALLAAH LIKES HIS SLAVE WHEN HE EATS SOMETHING TO PRAISE HIM FOR IT, AND WHEN HE DRINKS SOMETHING TO PRAISE HIM FOR IT.”

Saheeh Muslim 2734

Remembering Him by saying Takbeer when stoning the Jamaraat on the days of Tashreeq. This applies only to the pilgrims on Hajj.

Remembering Allah in general. It is mustahabb to make a lot of Dhikr during the days of Tashreeq. ‘Umar used to recite Takbeer in Mina in his tent, and when the people heard him they recited Takbeer too and Mina echoed with the sound of their Takbeer.

Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“SO WHEN YOU HAVE ACCOMPLISHED YOUR MANAASIK [RITUALS OF HAJJ], REMEMBER ALLAAH AS YOU REMEMBER YOUR FOREFATHERS OR WITH A FAR MORE REMEMBRANCE. BUT OF MANKIND THERE ARE SOME WHO SAY: “OUR LORD! GIVE US (YOUR BOUNTIES) IN THIS WORLD!” AND FOR SUCH THERE WILL BE NO PORTION IN THE HEREAFTER. AND OF THEM THERE ARE SOME WHO SAY: “OUR LORD! GIVE US IN THIS WORLD THAT WHICH IS GOOD AND IN THE HEREAFTER THAT WHICH IS GOOD, AND SAVE US FROM THE TORMENT OF THE FIRE!””

Surah Al-Baqarah 2:200-201

Many of the salaf regarded it as mustahabb to make a lot of du’aa’ during the days of Tashreeq.

Fasting on the two days of Eid is haram, as indicated by the hadith of Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri (Radia Allahu ‘Anhu) who said:

THE PROPHET (SALLA-ALLAHU ‘ALAYHI WA SALLAM) FORBADE FASTING ON THE DAY OF AL-FITR AND AL-NAHR.”

Bukhaari 1992 & Muslim 827

The scholars are unanimously agreed that fasting on these two days is haram.

It is also haram to fast on the days of al-Tashreeq which are the three days after Eid al-Adha (the 11th, 12th and 13th of Dhu’l-Hijjah).

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“THE DAYS OF AL-TASHREEQ ARE DAYS OF EATING, DRINKING AND REMEMBERING ALLAAH.”

Saheeh Muslim 1141

Dhikr (remembering Allah) is enjoined during the days of Tashreeq in several ways:

Remembering Allah immediately after the prescribed prayers by reciting Takbeer. This is prescribed until the end of the days of Tashreeq according to the majority of scholars.

It is not permissible to fast on these days, regardless of whether that are a naafil fast, making up a missed fast or fasting in fulfilment of a vow. They said that a fast was invalid if it was observed during this time.

The Prophet (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) forbade fasting on these days:

“DO NOT FAST ON THESE DAYS, FOR THEY ARE THE DAYS OF EATING, DRINKING AND REMEMBERING ALLAAH.”

Ahmad 10286. Classed as Saheeh by al-Albany in al-Silsilah al-Saheehah, 3573.  See Lataa’if al-Ma’aarif by Ibn Rajab, p. 500

The Prophet (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) did not grant a concession allowing anyone to fast on these three days except for the pilgrims performing tamattu’ or qiraan who did not have sacrificial animal with them.

Narrated By Ayesha (Radia Allahu ‘Anha & Ibn Umar (Radia Allahu ‘Anhu) that,

“NO ONE WAS ALLOWED TO FAST ON THE DAYS OF TASHREEQ EXCEPT THE (PILGRIM) WHO DID NOT HAVE A SACRIFICIAL ANIMAL.”

Saheeh Bukhaari 1998

Narrated from Abu Murrah that,

‘THE FREED SLAVE OF UMM HAANI THAT HE ENTERED WITH ‘ABD-ALLAAH IBN ‘AMR UPON HIS FATHER ‘AMR IBN AL-‘AAS. HE OFFERED THEM FOOD AND SAID, “EAT.” HE SAID, “I AM FASTING.” ‘AMR SAID: “EAT, FOR THESE ARE THE DAYS ON WHICH THE MESSENGER OF ALLAAH (SALLA-ALLAHU ‘ALAYHI WA SALLAM) WOULD TELL US NOT TO FAST AND FORBADE US TO FAST, AND THESE ARE THE DAYS OF AL-TASHREEQ.”

Abu Dawood 2418. Classed as Saheeh by al-Albany in Saheeh Abi Dawood

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (Rahimullah) said: 

“IT IS PERMISSIBLE FOR THE PILGRIM PERFORMING TAMATTU’ OR QIRAAN, IF HE CANNOT FIND A SACRIFICIAL ANIMAL, TO FAST THESE THREE DAYS SO THAT HE CAN FAST THEM DURING THE HAJJ SEASON. BUT APART FROM THAT IT IS NOT PERMISSIBLE TO FAST THESE DAYS; EVEN IF A PERSON IS FASTING TWO CONSECUTIVE MONTHS, HE MUST NOT FAST ON THE DAY OF EID AND THE THREE DAYS THAT FOLLOW IT, THEN HE SHOULD RESUME HIS FASTING.”

Fataawa Ramadan, p. 727

VIRTUES OF MUHARRAM AND ASHURA


Muharram (Arabic: محرم) is the first month of the Islamic calendar. It is one of the four months of the year in which fighting are prohibited. Since the Islamic calendar is lunar, Muharram moves from year to year when compared with the Gregorian calendar. Muharram is so called because it was unlawful to fight during this month; the word is derived from the word ‘Haram’ meaning forbidden. It is held to be the most sacred of all the months, excluding Ramadan.

Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) says:

 Verily, the number of months with Allah is twelve months (in a year), so it was ordained by Allah on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth; of them, four are sacred. That is the right religion, so wrong not yourselves therein…

Al-Taubah 9:36

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“The year is twelve months of which four are sacred, the three consecutive months of Dhul-Qadah, Dhul-Hijjah, Muharram, and Rajab, which comes between Jumada and Shaban”

Bukhari

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“The best of fasting after Ramadan is fasting Allah’s month of Muharram”

Muslim

 The word Ashura means simply tenth in Arabic; hence the name of the remembrance, literally translated, means “the tenth day”. The Day of Ashura (Arabic: عاشوراء) is on the 10th day of Muharram in the Islamic calendar and marks the climax of the Remembrance of Muharram. The tenth day of Muharram is called Yaumu-l ‘Ashura, meaning, ‘the tenth day’, and it is a day of voluntary fasting.

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) was asked about fasting on the Day of Ashura (10th of Muharram). He  answered:

 “It atones for the sins of the preceding year”

Muslim

Fasting on the day of Ashura – the 10th of Muharram- is of great merits in Islam.

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“Fasting the day of Ashura (is of great merits), I hope that Allah will accept it as an expiation for (the sins committed in) the previous year”

Muslim

FAST TWO DAYS, INSTEAD OF ONLY THE 10TH (EITHER 9 & 10 OR 10 & 11):

Al-Tahhaawi (may Allah have mercy on him) said: The Messenger of Allah  allowed us to fast on Ashura and urged us to do so. He did not say that if it falls on a Saturday we should not fast. This is evidence that all days of the week are included in this.

Ibn Abbaas (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that,

“When the prophet (peace be upon him) fasted on the day of Ashura and commanded that it should be observed as a fast, they (his companions) said to him: Messenger of Allah, it is a day which the Jews and Christians hold in high esteem. Thereupon the messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “When the next year comes, Allah willing, we would observe fast on the 9th” (meaning 9th & 10th). But the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) died before the advent of the next year”

Muslim

 Ahmad said:

If there is confusion about the beginning of the month, one should fast for three days, to be sure of fasting on the ninth and tenth days.

(Al-Mughni by Ibn Qudamah, Part 3; Al-Siyam; Ashura)

 It was reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to fast more in Shaban. It is likely that the virtue of Muharram was not revealed to him until the end of his life, before he was able to fast during this month.

Sharh al-Nawawi & Muslim

 If a person does not know when Muharram began, and he wants to be sure of fasting on the tenth, he should assume that Dhul-Hijjah was thirty days as is the usual rule; and should fast on the ninth and tenth.

Whoever wants to be sure of fasting the ninth as well should fast the eight, ninth and tenth (then if Dhul-Hijjah was twenty-nine days, he can be sure of having fasted on the 10th. But given that fasting on Ashura is mustahab rather than wajib, people are not commanded to look for the crescent of the new moon of Muharram as they are to do in the case of Ramadan and Shaw-wal.

Abu Hurayrah reported: “I asked The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam):

 ‘Which Prayer is the best after the obligatory Prayers?’ He   said: ‘Prayer during the mid of the night.’ I asked: ‘Which fasting is the best after that of Ramadan?’ He  said, ‘The month of Allah that you call Muharram’”

Abu Dawud, Ahmad & Muslim

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“Concerning the day of Ashura, it is not obligatory upon you to fast on it as I do. Whoever wishes may fast and whoever does not wish to is not obliged to do so”

Bukhari & Muslim

It is noteworthy that Muslim scholars have stated that fasting of Ashura is of three levels as follows:

1. fasting for three days, i.e., on the 9th, 10th, and 11th of Muharram,
2. fasting the 9th and 10th of Muharram, and
3. fasting only the 10th of Muharram.

BID’A A (INNOVATIONS) WHICH ARE COMMON ON ASHURA:

Sheikh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allah have mercy on him) was asked about the things that people do Ashura, such as wearing kohl, taking a bath (ghusl), wearing henna, shaking hands with one another, cooking grains (huboob), showing happiness and so on. Was any of this reported from the Prophet  in a Sahih hadith, or not? If nothing to that effect was reported in a Sahih hadith, is doing these things bid’ a, or not?

His reply was:

Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds. Nothing to that effect has been reported in any Sahih hadith from the Prophet  or from his Companions. None of the imams of the Muslims encouraged or recommended such things, neither the four imams, nor any others.

No reliable scholars have narrated anything like this, neither from the Prophet, nor from the Sahabah, nor from the Taabieen; neither in any Sahih report or in a daeef (weak) report; neither in the books of Sahih, nor in al-Sunan, nor in the Musnads. No hadith of this nature was known during the best centuries, but some of the later narrators reported hadith like the one which says, Whoever puts kohl in his eyes on the day of Ashura; will not suffer from eye disease in that year, and whoever takes a bath (does ghusl) on the day of Ashura; will not get sick in that year; and so on. They also reported a fabricated hadith that is falsely attributed to the Prophet, which says, whoever is generous to his family on the day of Ashura Allah will be generous to him for the rest of the year. Reporting all of this from the Prophet  is tantamount to lying.

Narrated ‘Aishah (Radia-Allahu ‘Anha):

“Quraish used to fast on the day of Ashura’ in the Pre-Islamic Ignorance Period, and Allah’s Messenger  too, used too observes Saum (fast) on that day. When he came to Al-Madinah, he observed Saum (fast) on that day and ordered others to observe Saum (fast), too. Later when the fasting of the month of Ramadan was prescribed, he gave up fasting on the day of ‘Ashura’ and it became optional for one to observe Saum (fast) on it or to leave its Saum (fast)”

Bukhari

 We ask Allah to make us followers of the Sunnah of His Noble Prophet, to make us live in Islam and die in a state of faith. May He help us to do that which He loves and which pleases Him. We ask Him to help us to remember Him and be thankful to Him, to worship Him properly and to accept our good deeds. May He make us of those who are pious and fear Him. May Allah bless our Prophet Muhammad and all his family and companions.

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“No servant (of Allah, the Most High) fasts one day in the Path of Allah, except that Allah, the Most High, removes his face from the Fire because of it (the distance of travelling) seventy years.”

Bukhari and Muslim

 CONCLUSION:

It is Sunnah (highly recommended) to fast the day of Ashura and it is also recommended to fast a day before it.

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“Observing Saum (fasting) on three days of every month is equivalent to a full month’s fasting.”

Bukhari & Muslim

Hunaydah ibn Khalid quoted some of the wives of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) as saying:

“The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) used to fast on the ninth of Dhul-Hijjah, on the day of `Ashura, on three days of each month, and on the first two Mondays and Thursdays of each month.”

An-Nasa’i, 4/205

Fasting is one of the best of deeds. Allah has chosen for Himself as it says in the hadith qudsi:

“Allah says: ‘Fasting is for Me, and it is I who give reward for it. Verily, someone gives up his sexual passion, his food and his drink for My sake…”

An-Nasa’i, Ibn Majah, Bukhari, Muslim, Malik & Tirmidhi

 Imam Malik relates the following hadith, which has been related by others in different forms:

“Every action a human being does shall be multiplied—a good action by ten times its value, up to 700 times and even more as Allah may wish. Allah says: With the exception of fasting, which belongs to Me, and I reward it accordingly.”

Malik

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said that Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) said:

“Every (sinful) deed can be expiated; and the fast is for Me, so I will give the reward for it; and the smell which comes out of the mouth of a fasting person, is better in Allah’s Sight than the smell of musk.”

Bukhari

 The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“Indeed there is for the fasting person, when he breaks his fast, a supplication which is not rejected.”

Ibn Majah, Al-Hakim

 The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“The fasting person has two moments of joy: one when he breaks his fast and one when he meets his Lord and rejoices over his fasting.”

Muslim

 The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“Fasting is a protection and a strong fortress that keeps a person safe from the Fire.”

Ahmad, Sahih Al-Targhib & Sahih al-Jaami

 The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“Whoever fasts one day for the sake of Allah, Allah will remove his face seventy years’ distance from the Fire.”

Muslim

 The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“Whoever fasts one day seeking the pleasure of Allah, if that is the last day of his life, he will enter Paradise.”

Ahmad & Sahih Al-Targhib

 The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“In Paradise there is a gate called Ar-Raiyan, through those who fast will enter, and no one will enter it except them; when they have entered it will be locked, and no-one else will enter through it.”

Bukhari

 The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“The fast and the Qur’an are two intercessors for the servant of Allah on the Day of Resurrection. The fast will say: ‘O Lord, I prevented him from his food and desires during the day. Let me intercede for him.’ The Qur’an will say: ‘I prevented him from sleeping at night. Let me intercede for him.’ And their intercession will be accepted.”

Ahmad

 

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“Deed of people are presented (to Allah) on Monday and Thursday. So I like that my actions be presented while I am fasting.”

Tirmidhi

PARENTS: SAY NOT TO THEM A WORD OF DISRESPECT


Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) said:

﴿وَقَضَى رَبُّكَ أَلاَّ تَعْبُدُواْ إِلاَّ إِيَّـهُ وَبِالْوَلِدَيْنِ إِحْسَـناً إِمَّا يَبْلُغَنَّ عِندَكَ الْكِبَرَ أَحَدُهُمَا أَوْ كِلاَهُمَا فَلاَ تَقُل لَّهُمَآ أُفٍّ وَلاَ تَنْهَرْهُمَا وَقُل لَّهُمَا قَوْلاً كَرِيمًا – وَاخْفِضْ لَهُمَا جَنَاحَ الذُّلِّ مِنَ الرَّحْمَةِ وَقُل رَّبِّ ارْحَمْهُمَا كَمَا رَبَّيَانِى صَغِيرًا ﴾

And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him. And that you be dutiful to your parents. If one of them or both of them attain old age in your life, say not to them a word of disrespect, nor shout at them but address them in terms of honour. And lower unto them the wing of submission and humility through mercy, and say: “My Lord! Bestow on them Your Mercy as they did bring me up when I was young

Al-Isra 17:23-24

 Allah commands us to worship Him alone, with no partner or associate.

﴿وَقُضِىَ﴾

And He has decreed

 Means enjoined. This is also how Ubayy bin Ka`b, Ibn Mas`ud and Ad-Dahhak bin Muzahim recited the Ayat as:

«وَوَصَّى رَبُّكَ أَلَّا تَعْبُدُوا إِلَّا إِيَّاه»

“And your Lord has Wassa enjoined that you worship none but Him.”

 The idea of worshipping Allah is connected to the idea of honouring one’s parents. Allah often mentions obeying Him and being dutiful to parents together.

Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) said:

﴿وَبِالْوَلِدَيْنِ إِحْسَانًا﴾

And that you be dutiful to your parents

In the above ayat Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) commanded and ordered to be kind and good treatment of our parents.

Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) said:

﴿إِمَّا يَبْلُغَنَّ عِندَكَ الْكِبَرَ أَحَدُهُمَا أَوْ كِلاَهُمَا فَلاَ تَقُل لَّهُمَآ أُفٍّ﴾

If one of them or both of them attain old age in your life, say not to them a word of disrespect

Means do not let them hear anything offensive from you, not even say “Uff!” which is the mildest word of disrespect,

﴿وَلاَ تَنْهَرْهُمَا﴾

Nor shout at them

Means do not do anything horrible to them; do not raise your hand against them. When Allah forbids speaking and behaving in an obnoxious manner, He commands speaking and behaving in a good manner.

Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) said:

﴿وَقُل لَّهُمَا قَوْلاً كَرِيمًا﴾

But address them in terms of honour

Meaning gently, kindly, politely, and with respect and appreciation

﴿وَاخْفِضْ لَهُمَا جَنَاحَ الذُّلِّ مِنَ الرَّحْمَةِ﴾

And lower unto them the wing of submission and humility through mercy

 Means, be humble towards them in your actions.

﴿وَقُل رَّبِّ ارْحَمْهُمَا كَمَا رَبَّيَانِى صَغِيرًا﴾

And say: “My Lord! Bestow on them Your Mercy as they did bring me up when I was young.”

 Means, say this when they grow old and when they die.

There are many Hadiths which speak about honouring one’s parents, such as the Hadith narrated through a number of chains of narration from Anas and others.

 The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) climbed up on the Minbar, and then said, (Amin, Amin, Amin.) It was said, “O Messenger of Allah, why did you say Amin”

 The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

«أَتَانِي جِبْرِيلُ فَقَالَ: يَا مُحَمَّدُ رَغِمَ أَنْفُ رَجُلٍ ذُكِرْتَ عِنْدَهُ فَلَمْمُيصَلِّ عَلَيْكَ، قُلْ: آمِينَ، فَقُلْتُ: آمِينَ، ثُمَّ قَالَ: رَغِمَ أَنْفُ رَجُلٍ دَخَلَ عَلَيْهِ شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ ثُمَّ خَرَجَ فَلَمْ يُغْفَرْ لَهُ، قُلْ: آمِينَ، فَقُلْتُ: آمِينَ، ثُمَّ قَالَ: رَغِمَ أَنْفُ رَجُلٍ أَدْرَكَ وَالِدَيْهِ أَوْ أَحَدَهُمَا فَلَمْ يُدْخِلَاهُ الْجَنَّةَ، قُلْ: آمِينَ، فَقُلْتُ: آمِين»

“Jibril came to me and said, “O Muhammad, he is doomed who hears you mentioned and does not say Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam upon you.” He said, “Say Amin,” so I said Amin. Then he said, “He is doomed who sees the month of Ramadan come and go, and he has not been forgiven.” He said, “Say Amin,” so I said Amin. Then he said, “He is doomed who grows up and either his parents or one of them are still alive, and they do not cause him to enter Paradise.” He said, “Say Amin,” so I said Amin.”

 The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

 «رَغِمَ أَنْفُ، ثُمَّ رَغِمَ أَنْفُ ثُمَّ رَغِمَ أَنْفُ رَجُلٍ أَدْرَكَ أَحَدَ أَبَوَيْهِ أَوْ (كِلَيْهِمَا) عِنْدَ الْكِبَرِ وَلَمْ يَدْخُلِ الْجَنَّة»

“He is doomed, he is doomed, he is doomed, the man whose parents, one or both of them, reach old age while he is alive and he does not enter Paradise.”

Ahmad & Muslim

 Jahimah came to the Prophet and said: “O Messenger of Allah, I want to go out to fight and I have come to seek your advice.”

 The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

«فَهَلْ لَكَ مِنْ أُم»

“Do you have a mother?”

 He said, “Yes.”

 The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

«فَالْزَمْهَا فَإِنَّ الْجَنَّةَ عِنْدَ رِجْلَيْهَا»

“Then stay with her, for Paradise is at her feet.”

 An-Nasa’i & Ibn Majah

 The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

«إِنَّ اللهَ يُوصِيكُمْ بِآبَائِكُمْ إِنَّ اللهَ يُوصِيكُمْ بِأُمَّهَاتِكُمْ إِنَّ اللهَ يُوصِيكُمْ بِأُمَّهَاتِكُمْ إِنَّ اللهَ يُوصِيكُمْ بِأُمَّهَاتِكُمْ إِنَّ اللهَ يُوصِيكُمْ بِالْأَقْرَبِ فَالْأَقْرَب»

“Allah enjoins you concerning your fathers, Allah enjoins you concerning your mothers, Allah enjoins you concerning your mothers, Allah enjoins you concerning your mothers, and Allah enjoin you concerning your close relatives then the next in closeness.”

Ibn Majah

 The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

«يَدُ الْمُعْطِي الْعُلْيَا، أُمَّكَ وَأَبَاكَ، وَأُخْتَكَ وَأَخَاكَ، ثُمَّ أَدْنَاكَ أَدْنَاك»

“The hand of the one who gives is superior. (Give to) your mother and your father, your sister and your brother, then the closest and next closest.”

Ahmad

 Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) said:

 ﴿وَوَصَّيْنَا الإِنْسَـنَ بِوَلِدَيْهِ حَمَلَتْهُ أُمُّهُ وَهْناً عَلَى وَهْنٍ وَفِصَالُهُ فِى عَامَيْنِ أَنِ اشْكُرْ لِى وَلِوَلِدَيْكَ إِلَىَّ الْمَصِيرُ – وَإِن جَـهَدَاكَ عَلَى أَن تُشْرِكَ بِى مَا لَيْسَ لَكَ بِهِ عِلْمٌ فَلاَ تُطِعْهُمَا وَصَـحِبْهُمَا فِى الدُّنْيَا مَعْرُوفاً وَاتَّبِعْ سَبِيلَ مَنْ أَنَابَ إِلَىَّ ثُمَّ إِلَىَّ مَرْجِعُكُمْ فَأُنَبِّئُكُمْ بِمَا كُنتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ ﴾

Give thanks to Me and to your parents. Unto Me is the final destination. But if they (both) strive with you to make you join in worship with Me others that of which you have no knowledge, then obey them not; but behave with them in this world kindly, and follow the path of him who turns to Me in repentance and in obedience. Then to Me will be your return, and I shall tell you what you used to do

Surah Luqman 31:14-15

 Means, Allah ordered children to be dutiful and kind to their parents, even if they were idolaters.

But if they are idolaters, and they try to make you follow them in their religion, then beware of them, and do not obey them in that, for you will be brought back to Me on the Day of Resurrection.

Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) said that, “I will reward you for your kindness towards them and your patience in adhering to your religion.”

It is Allah Who will gather you with the group of the righteous, not with the group of your parents, even though you were the closest of people to them in the world. For a person will be gathered on the Day of Resurrection with those whom he loves, meaning, religious love

Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) said:

﴿وَإِذْ أَخَذْنَا مِيثَـقَ بَنِى إِسْرءِيلَ لاَ تَعْبُدُونَ إِلاَّ اللَّهَ وَبِالْوَلِدَيْنِ إِحْسَانًا﴾

And (remember) when We took a covenant from the Children of Israel, (saying): Worship none but Allah and be dutiful and kind to parents

Surah Al-Baqarah 2:83

THE COMMAND TO BE GOOD AND DUTIFUL TO PARENTS

Allah commands His servants to be dutiful to parents, after urging them to adhere to belief in His Tawhid, because a person’s parents are the cause of his existence. So he must treat them with the utmost kindness and respect, his father for spending on him and his mother because of her compassion for him.

Although Allah orders us to show kindness, mercy and respect towards them in return for their previous kindness.

It is recorded in the Two Sahihs that Ibn Mas`ud said, “I asked Allah’s Messenger about which deed is the best.

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

«الصَّلَاةُ عَلَى وَقْتِهَا»

“The prayer, when it is performed on time”

I said, `Then’

 The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

«بِرُّ الْوَالِدَيْن»

“Being dutiful to parents”

I asked, `Then’

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

«الْجِهَادُ فِي سَبِيلِ الله»

“Jihad in Allah’s cause”

Ibn Mas`ud said, “The Messenger of Allah said these words to me, and had I asked him for more, he would have said more.”

 Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) said:

﴿وَوَصَّيْنَا الإِنسَـنَ بِوَلِدَيْهِ إِحْسَـناً﴾

And We have enjoined on man to be dutiful and kind to his parents

Surah Al-Ahqaf 46:15

Meaning, Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) said that, “We have commanded him to treat them well and show compassion towards them.”

Abu Dawud At-Tayalisi recorded from Sa`d bin Abi Waqqas (May Allah be pleased with him) that, his mother said to him:

“Hasn’t Allah commanded that you obey your parents then I will not eat any food or drink any drink until you disbelieve in Allah.”

 Thus she stubbornly abstained from eating and drinking, until they had to open her mouth with a stick.

Abu Dawud, Ahmad, An-Nasa’i, Muslim & Tirmidhi

 MENTION OF THE UNDUTIFUL CHILDREN AND THEIR END

Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) said:

 ﴿وَالَّذِى قَالَ لِوَلِدَيْهِ أُفٍّ لَّكُمَآ أَتَعِدَانِنِى أَنْ أُخْرَجَ وَقَدْ خَلَتِ الْقُرُونُ مِن قَبْلِى وَهُمَا يَسْتَغِيثَانِ اللَّهَ وَيْلَكَ ءَامِنْ إِنَّ وَعْدَ اللَّهِ حَقٌّ فَيَقُولُ مَا هَـذَآ إِلاَّ أَسَـطِيرُ الاٌّوَّلِينَ – أُوْلَـئِكَ الَّذِينَ حَقَّ عَلَيْهِمُ الْقَوْلُ فِى أُمَمٍ قَدْ خَلَتْ مِن قَبْلِهِمْ مِّنَ الْجِنِّ وَالإِنسِ إِنَّهُمْ كَانُواْ خَـسِرِينَ – وَلِكُلٍّ دَرَجَـتٌ مِّمَّا عَمِلُواْ وَلِيُوَفِّيَهُمْ أَعْمَـلَهُمْ وَهُمْ لاَ يُظْلَمُونَ – وَيَوْمَ يُعْرَضُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ عَلَى النَّارِ أَذْهَبْتُمْ طَيِّبَـتِكُمْ فِى حَيَـتِكُمُ الدُّنْيَا وَاسْتَمْتَعْتُمْ بِهَا فَالْيَوْمَ تُجْزَوْنَ عَذَابَ الْهُونِ بِمَا كُنتُمْ تَسْتَكْبِرُونَ فِى الاٌّرْضِ بِغَيْرِ الْحَقِّ وَبِمَا كُنتُمْ تَفْسُقُونَ ﴾

But he who says to his parents: “Uff to you! Do you promise me that I will be raised up when generations before me have passed” While they invoke Allah for help: “Woe to you! Believe! Verily, the promise of Allah is true.” But he says: “This is nothing but the legends of the ancient.” They are those against whom the Word (of torment) has justified among the previous generations of Jinn and mankind that have passed away. Verily, they are ever the losers. And for all, there will be degrees according to that which they did, so that He might fully recompense for their deeds. And they will not be wronged. On the Day when those who disbelieve will be exposed to the Fire (it will be said): “You received your good things in the life of the world, and you took your pleasure therein. Today, you will be recompensed with the torment of extreme humiliation, because you were arrogant upon the earth without a right, and because you used to rebel against Allah’s command

Surah Al-Ahqaf 46:17-20

 Here Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) connects to that discussion the situation of the wretched offspring who are undutiful toward their parents.

Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) said:

﴿وَالَّذِى قَالَ لِوَلِدَيْهِ أُفٍّ لَّكُمَآ﴾

But he who says to his parents: “Uff to you! …

 As for the saying “Uff” in this Ayat, it is a general description applying to anyone who says it to his parents.

Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) commands the servants to be dutiful to their parents, for Allah made parents the reason for the servants to come to existence, after they did not exist. Allah joins the order to worship Him with being dutiful to parents in many places.

After Allah ordained being dutiful to parents, He ordained kind treatment of relatives, males and females. A Hadith states,

 «الصَّدَقَةُ عَلَى الْمِسْكِينِ صَدَقَةٌ، وَعَلى ذِي الرَّحِمِ صَدَقَةٌ وَصِلَة»

“Charity given to the poor is Sadaqah, while charity given to relatives is both Sadaqah and Silah (keeping the relations).”

 THE SEVEN DESTRUCTIVE SINS

 In the Two Sahihs, it is recorded that `Abdurrahman bin Abi Bakrah said that his father said that,

 The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

 «أَلَا أُنَبِّئُكُمْ بِأَكْبَرِ الْكَبَائِرِ؟»

“Should I inform you about the greatest of the great sins”

 We said, `Yes, O Allah’s Messenger!’

 The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

«الِإشْرَاكُ بِاللهِ، وَعُقُوقُ الْوَالِدَيْن»

“To join others in worship with Allah and to be undutiful to one’s parents.”

 The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) was reclining, then he sat up and said:

«أَلَا وَشَهَادَةُ الزُّورِ، أَلَا وَقَوْلُ الزُّور»

“And I warn you against false testimony and false speech.”

 And he continued repeating it until we wished that he would stop.”

 The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

«أَكْبَرُ الْكَبَائِرِ: الِإشْرَاكُ بِاللهِ، وَعُقُوقُ الْوَالِدَيْنِ أَوْ قَتْلُ النَّفْسِ شعبة الشاك وَالْيَمِينُ الْغَمُوس»

“The greatest sins are: To join others in worship with Allah, to be undutiful to one’s parents – or to take a life”

An-Nasa’i, Bukhari & Tirmidhi

 Another Hadith by `Abdullah bin `Amr about causing one’s Parents to be Cursed `Abdullah bin `Amr said that,

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

«إِنَّ مِنْ أَكْبَرِ الْكَبَائِرِ أَنْ يَلْعَنَ الرَّجُلُ وَالِدَيْه»

“Among the worst of the major sins is for a man to curse his own parents.”

 They said, “How can one curse his own parents”

 The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

«يَسُبُّ الرَّجُلُ أَبَا الرَّجُلِ، فَيَسُبُّ أَبَاهُ، وَيَسُبُّ أُمَّهُ فَيَسُبُّ أُمَّه»

“One curses another man’s father, and that man curses his father in retaliation, or he curses someone’s mother and that man curses his mother.”

Muslim & Tirmidhi

FIRST TEN DAYS OF DHUL-HIJJAH


Dhul-Hijjah (ذو الحجة) is the twelfth and final month in the Islamic Calendar. This is a very sacred month in the Islamic calendar, marking the end of the year.

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“There are no days in which righteous deeds are more beloved to Allah than these ten days.” The people asked, “Not even Jihad for the sake of Allah?” He said, “Not even Jihad for the sake of Allah, except in the case of a man who went out, giving himself and his wealth up for the cause (of Allah), and came back with nothing.”

Bukhari

“Dhul-Hijjah” literally means ‘Lord of the Pilgrimage.’ It is during this month that pilgrims from all around the world congregate at Mecca to visit the Kaaba. The Hajj is performed on the eighth, ninth and the tenth of this month, which include the Day of `Arafah, the peak of Hajj; it is the focal point when the pilgrims gather in the plain of `Arafah. Such a mammoth gathering of Muslims supplicating to Allah is bound to have all-pervasive effects on the whole world; Allah has promised an answer for those who gather on the plain of `Arafah. Eid ul-Adha, the ‘Festival of the Sacrifice,’ begins on the tenth day and ends on the 13th.

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

 “No servant (of Allah, the Most High) fasts one day in the Path of Allah,
except that Allah, the Most High, removes his face from the Fire because of
it (the distance of traveling) seventy years.”

Bukhari and Muslim

The first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah, which Allah has preferred over all the other days of the year. Muslim has to seize every opportunity that could bring him closer to Allah.

 The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

 “Observing Saum (fasting) on three days of every month is equivalent to a full month’s fasting.”

Bukhari & Muslim

These texts and others indicate that these ten days are better than all the other days of the year, with no exceptions, not even the last ten days of Ramadan. But the last ten nights of Ramadan are better, because they include Laylat al-Qadr, which is better than a thousand months. Thus the various reports may be reconciled. (See TafsirIbn Kathir, 5/412)

Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) said:

And worship your Lord until there comes unto you the certainty

Al-Hijr 15: 99

The scholars say: ‘The certainty’ means death. The Muslim must understand the value of his life, increase his worship of Allah and persist in doing good deeds until the moment of death.

THE TYPES OF DEEDS IN THESE TEN DAYS:

Allah swears an oath by them, and swearing an oath by something is indicative of its importance and great benefit.

Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) said:

By the dawn; by the ten nights

 Al-Fajr 89: 1-2

Ibn `Abbas, Ibn Az-Zubayr, Mujahid and others of the earlier and later generations are of the opinion that this refers to the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah. Ibn Kathir said: “This is the correct opinion.” (TafsirIbn Kathir, 8/413)

FASTING DURING THESE DAYS: The Prophet (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) encouraged people to do righteous deeds because of the virtue of this season for people throughout the world, and also because of the virtue of the place – for the pilgrims to the Sacred House of Allah. The Prophet (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) used to fast on the ninth of Dhul-Hijjah.

 Hunaydah ibn Khalid quoted some of the wives of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) as saying:

“The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) used to fast on the ninth of Dhul-Hijjah, on the day of `Ashurah, on three days of each month, and on the first two Mondays and Thursdays of each month.”

An-Nisa’i, 4/205

Fasting is one of the best of deeds. Allah has chosen for Himself as it says in the hadith qudsi:

“Allah says: ‘Fasting is for Me, and it is I who give reward for it. Verily, someone gives up his sexual passion, his food and his drink for My sake…”

An-Nasa’i, Ibn Majah, Bukhari, Muslim, Malik & Tirmidhi

Imam Malik relates the following hadith, which has been related by others in different forms:

“Every action a human being does shall be multiplied—a good action by ten times its value, up to 700 times and even more as Allah may wish. Allah says: With the exception of fasting, which belongs to Me, and I reward it accordingly.”

Malik

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said that Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) said:

“Every (sinful) deed can be expiated; and the fast is for Me, so I will give the reward for it; and the smell which comes out of the mouth of a fasting person, is better in Allah’s Sight than the smell of musk.”

Bukhari

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“Indeed there is for the fasting person, when he breaks his fast, a supplication which is not rejected.”

Ibn Majah, Al-Hakim

 The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“The fasting person has two moments of joy: one when he breaks his fast and one when he meets his Lord and rejoices over his fasting.”

Muslim

 The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“Fasting is a protection and a strong fortress that keeps a person safe from the Fire.”

Ahmad, Sahih Al-Targhib & Sahih al-Jaami

 The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“Whoever fasts one day for the sake of Allah, Allah will remove his face seventy years’ distance from the Fire.”

Muslim

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“Whoever fasts one day seeking the pleasure of Allah, if that is the last day of his life, he will enter Paradise.”

Ahmad & Sahih Al-Targhib

 The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“In Paradise there is a gate called Ar-Raiyan, through those who fast will enter, and no one will enter it except them; when they have entered it will be locked, and no-one else will enter through it.”

 Bukhari

 The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“The fast and the Qur’an are two intercessors for the servant of Allah on the Day of Resurrection. The fast will say: ‘O Lord, I prevented him from his food and desires during the day. Let me intercede for him.’ The Qur’an will say: ‘I prevented him from sleeping at night. Let me intercede for him.’ And their intercession will be accepted.”

Ahmad

 The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

 “Deed of people are presented (to Allah) on Monday and Thursday. So I like that my actions be presented while I am fasting.”

Tirmidhi

AT TAKBIR (ALLAHU AKBAR) & ADH-DHIKR: The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) commanded us to recite takbir “Allahu Akbar”, tahmid “Alhamdulillah”, tahlil “Laa ilaaha ill-Allah” and tasbih “Subhaan-Allah”, during the first ten days of Dhu’l-Hijjah, saying these words out loud in the mosques, homes, streets and every place in which it is permissible to remember Allah, to perform this act of worship openly and proclaim the greatness of Allah.

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“There are no days greater in the sight of Allah and in which righteous deeds are more beloved to Him than these ten days, so during this time recite a great deal of tahlil (Laa Ilaaha ill-Allah), Takbir (Allahu  Akbar) and Tahmid (Alhamdulillah).”

Ahmad

THE TAKBIR IS AS FOLLOWS:

“ALLAH AKBAR, ALLAHU AKBAR, LAA ILAAHA ILL-ALLAH, ALLAHU AKBAR, WA LILLAAH IL-HAMD”

(Allah is Most Great, Allah is Most Great, there is no god but Allah; Allah is Most Great and to Allah be praise).

1.      THE DAY OF ARAFAH: These ten days include the Day of `Arafah, on which Allah perfected His religion. Fasting on this day will expiate for the sins of two years. These days also include the Day of Sacrifice, the greatest day of the entire year and the greatest day of Hajj, which combines acts of worship in a way unlike any other day.

Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“There are no days that are dearer to Allah in respect of devoting oneself to devotion and worship than the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah.”  He is also reported to have said, “Fasting on the day of `Arafah expiates sins of two years, the past and future.”

Muslim

DOING HAJJ AND ‘UMRAH: One of the greatest deeds that can be done during these ten days is Hajj to the sacred House of Allah.

Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“Performance of Umrah is an expiation of the sins committed between it and the previous Umrah, and the reward of the Hajj which is accepted by Allah, the Most High, is nothing but Paradise.”

Bukhari & Muslim

SACRIFICE: One of the good deeds that will bring a person closer to Allah during these ten days is offering a sacrifice. The Sunnah indicates that the one who wants to offer a sacrifice must stop cutting his hair and nails and removing anything from his skin, from the beginning of the ten days until after he has offered his sacrifice.

Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) said:

That they might witness things that are of benefit to them (i.e., reward of Hajj in the Hereafter, and also some worldly gain from trade, etc.), and mention the name of Allah on appointed days, over the beast of cattle that He has provided for them (for sacrifice)…

Al-Hajj 22: 28

SINCERE REPENTANCE: One of the most important things to do during these ten days is to repent sincerely to Allah and to give up all kinds of disobedience and sin.

Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) said:

…Truly, Allah loves those who turn to Him in repentance and loves those who purify themselves

Al-Baqarah 2:222

Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) said:

Except those who repent and believe, and do righteous deeds; for those, Allah will change their sins into good deeds, Allah is Ever Oft-Forgiving and Most Merciful

 Al-Furqan 25:70

DOING MORE GOOD DEEDS IN GENERAL: This is because good deeds are beloved by Allah and earn one a great reward. Whoever is not able to offer Hajj should occupy himself at this blessed time with acts of worship, offering Prayers, reading the Qur’an, remembering Allah, making supplications, giving in charity, showing dutifulness to parents, maintaining the ties of kinship, enjoining what is good and forbidding what is evil, and other good deeds and acts of worship.

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“He who has intended a good deed and has not done it, Allah (The Glorified and the Exalted) writes it down with Himself as a full good deed; but if he has intended it and has done it, Allah (The Glorified and the Exalted) writes it down with Himself as from ten good deeds to seven hundred times, or many times over. But if he has intended a bad deed and has not done it, Allah (The Glorified and the Exalted) writes it down with Himself as a full good deed, but if he has intended it and has done it, Allah (The Glorified and the Exalted) writes it down as one bad deed.”

Bukhari & Muslim

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“The one who looks after a widow or a poor person is like a Mujahid (warrior) who fights for Allah’s Cause, or like him who performs prayers all the night and fasts all the days.”

Bukhari & Muslim

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) has commanded:

“Recite much the Kalima of Laa Hawla wa laa Qawwata Illaa Billah (there is no power or strength but in Allah) because all these things are from the treasure-house (of Allah) which is under the ninth heaven.”

Ahmad

 The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“Will not any of you go to the Masjid and learn or read two verses from the Book of Allah ‘The Exalted’, Mighty and Glorified be He? (For) that is better for him than two she-camels, and three (verses) are better for him than three (she-camels), and four (verses) are better for him than four (she-camels). And the numbers (of verses read in total) are better than the same number of camels.”

Muslim

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“There is no envy (acceptable) except in two (cases): a person whom Allah has given the Qur’an and recites it throughout the night and throughout the day. And a person whom Allah has given wealth, that he gives out throughout the night and throughout the day.”

Bukhari and Muslim

VIRTUE OF SHAW-WAL (شوّال)


Shawwal means ‘lift or carry’. Shawwal is the tenth month on the Lunar Islamic calendar. The first day of Shawwal is Eid ul-Fitr. There are also six days of fasting during Shawwal which, together with the Ramadan fasts, are equivalent to fasting “perpetually”.

The Prophet Muhammad  said:

 “HE WHO OBSERVED THE FAST OF RAMADAN AND THEN FOLLOWED IT WITH SIX (FASTS) OF SHAWWAL. IT WOULD BE AS IF HE FASTED PERPETUALLY.”

Muslim

The Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, and months begin when the first crescent of a new moon is sighted. Since the Islamic lunar calendar year is 11 to 12 days shorter than the solar year, Shawwal migrates throughout the seasons.

BEGINNING OF THE ASHUR-UL-HAJJ:

Shawwal is the first of the three months named as “Ashhur al-Hajj” (i.e. the months of Hajj). Although the major acts of Hajj are normally performed in the first ten days of Dhul-Hajj, yet the whole period starting from the first of Shawwal up to the 10th of Dhul-Hajj is held to be the period of Hajj because some acts of Hajj can be performed any time during this period. For example, the Tawaf-Ul-Qudum, followed by the Sai’ of Hajj cannot be performed before Shawwal, while it can be performed any day after the beginning of Shawwal. Similarly, an ‘Umrah performed before Shawwal cannot be treated as the ‘Umrah of Tamattu: while the ‘Umrah performed in Shawwal can be affiliated to the Hajj, making it a Hajj of Tamattu. Ihram of Hajj should not be started before Shawwal, because it makrooh. For these reasons these three months have been named as the ‘months of Hajj‘ and the month of Shawwal has the distinction of being the first of these.

EXCELLENCE OF FAST FOR SIX DAYS IN SHAWWAL:

It is commendable to keep six fasts in the month of Shawwal. Muslims should take this opportunity of acquiring such an enormous reward from Allah. It is more preferable to start these fasts from the 2nd of Shawwal and keep fasting up to the 7th of it.

However, if, they are kept in other days, the requirement also be fulfilled. The sooner you do them, the better.

Allah, the Exalted says:

AND MARCH FORTH IN THE WAY (WHICH LEADS TO) FORGIVENESS FROM YOUR LORD

Al-‘Imran 3:133

&

I HASTENED TO YOU, O MY LORD, THAT YOU MIGHT BE PLEASED”

Ta-Ha 20:84

Muslim should hasten to fast these six days of Shawwal because delaying may cause problems, but it is ok if you do not hasten it and you delay it until the middle or end of the month.

The Prophet Muhammad  said:

“HE WHO FASTS RAMADAN, AND SIX OF SHAWWAL, IT WILL BE (IN TERMS OF REWARDS) AS IF THE FASTED A WHOLE YEAR.”

Abu Dawud, Ahmad, Ibn Majah, Muslim & Tirmidhi

In commenting on the above mentioned hadith, As-San`aanee said in Subul us-Salaam: “If the thirty days of Ramadan fasting are assimilated with the six days of fasting in Shawwal, it altogether makes 36 days. According to Shari’ah, each virtue is rewarded ten times. Therefore, if we multiply 36 with 10, it makes 360 which slightly longer than a lunar year and next Ramadan he will fast again so it is as if he fasted his whole life.

The Prophet Muhammad  said:

“IF ONE THROUGHOUT HIS LIFE KEEPS THE FASTS OF RAMADAN AND KEEPS SIX CONSECUTIVE FASTS IN SHAWWAL IT WILL BE AS THOUGH HE HAS KEPT A WHOLE LIFE TIME OF FASTS, AND IF ONE FAST FOR SIX CONSECUTIVE DAYS IN SHAWWAL IT WILL BE AS THOUGH HE HAS FASTED ALL YEAR ROUND.”

Muslim

Women should first making up her missed fasts from Ramadan due to her monthly period and if she wants to earn the reward mentioned in the above hadith, then she should follow it with six days of Shawwal, and she will gain the reward mentioned in it. It is also permissible for women to delay making up her Ramadan fasts, as long she makes them up before the next Ramadan comes.

The Prophet Muhammad  said:

“THE ONE, WHO FAST THE MONTH OF RAMADAN AND THEN SIX DAYS OF SHAWWAL, IS AS PURIFIED OF SINS AS HE WAS JUST BORN JUST TODAY.”

Abu Dawud & Muslim

Fasting six days of Shawwal after the obligatory fast of Ramadan is Sunnah Mustahab, not wajib.

The Prophet Muhammad  said:

“WHOEVER FASTS FOR SIX DAYS AFTER (EID) AL-FITR HAS COMPLETED THE YEAR: (WHOEVER DOES A GOOD DEED (HASANAH) WILL HAVE TEN HASANAH LIKE IT).” ACCORDING TO ANOTHER REPORT: “ALLAH HAS MADE FOR EACH HASANAH TEN LIKE IT, SO A MONTH IS LIKE FASTING TEN MONTHS, AND FASTING SIX DAYS COMPLETES THE YEAR.”

Al-Nisaa’i, Ibn Majah & Targheeb Wal Tarheeb

BENEFIT OF FASTING SIX DAYS OF SHAWWAL:

The important benefits of fasting six days of Shawwal is that is makes up for any shortfall in a person’s obligatory Ramadan fasts, because no one is free of shortcomings or sins that have a negative effect on his fasting. On the Day of Resurrection, some of his naafil deeds will be taken to make up the shortcomings in his obligatory deeds.

The Prophet Muhammad  said:

“THE FIRST THING FOR WHICH PEOPLE WILL BE BROUGHT TO ACCOUNT ON THE DAY OF RESURRECTION WILL BE THEIR SALAH (PRAYER). OUR LORD, MAY HE BE GLORIFIED AND EXALTED, WILL SAY TO HIS ANGELS – ALTHOUGH HE KNOWS BEST – ‘LOOK AT THE SALAH OF MY SLAVE, WHETHER IT IS COMPLETE OR INCOMPLETE.’ IF IT IS PERFECT, IT WILL BE RECORDED AS PERFECT, AND IF SOMETHING IS LACKING, HE WILL SAY, ‘LOOK AND SEE WHETHER MY SLAVE DID ANY VOLUNTARY (NAAFIL) PRAYERS.’ IF HE DID SOME VOLUNTARY PRAYERS, [ALLAH] WILL SAY, COMPLETE THE OBLIGATORY ACTIONS OF MY SLAVE FROM HIS VOLUNTARY ACTIONS.’ THEN ALL HIS ACTIONS WILL BE DEALT WITH IN A SIMILAR MANNER.”

Abu Dawud

RAJAB: THE MONTH OF BID’AH AND INNOVATIONS


Rajab (رجب) is the seventh month of the Islamic Calender. The lexical definition of Rajaba is “to respect”, of which Rajab is a derivative.

This month is regarded as one of the four sacred months in Islam in which battles are prohibited. The pre-Islamic Arabs also considered warfare blasphemous during the four months.

Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) says:

“Verily, the number of months with Allah is twelve months (in a year), so was it ordained by Allah on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth; of them four are Sacred, (i.e. the 1st, the 7th, the 11th and the 12th months of the Islamic calendar)…”

Surah At-Tawbah 9:36

These months are calculated according to the movements of the moon, not the movements of the sun, as the kuffaar do.

The Sacred Months are mentioned by implication in the Qur’an, but their names are not given. Their names are mentioned in the Sunnah:

Narrated by Abu Bakrah (Radia Allahu ‘Anhu) that,

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu’ Alayhi wa Sallam) gave his Farewell Sermon and said:

“Time has completed its cycle and is as it was on the Day when Allah created the heavens and the earth. The year is twelve months, of which four are sacred, three consecutive months – Dhul-Qa’dah, Dhul-Hijjah and Muharram – and the Rajab of Mudar which comes between Jumaada and Sha’baan.”

Bukharee 1741, in Kitaab Al-Hajj, Al-Khutbah Ayaam Mina & Muslim 1679, in Kitaab Al-Qisaamah, Baab Tahreem al-Dimaa’

RAJAB IS A SACRED MONTH

The Sacred months have a special status, which applies also to Rajab because it is one of these sacred months.

Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) says:

“O you who believe! Violate not the sanctity of the Symbols of Allah, nor of the Sacred Month…”

Surah Al-Mā’idah 5:2

So we should pay attention to the sanctity of these four months, because Allah has singled them out for a special status and has forbidden us to commit sins out of respect for their sanctity, for sins committed at this time are even worse, because of the sanctity of the time which Allah has made sacred.

FIGHTING DURING THE SACRED MONTHS

Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) says:

They ask you about the sacred month – about fighting therein. Say, “Fighting therein is great [sin]…”

Surah Al-Baqarah 2:217

The above does not apply to fighting in self-defence. If the enemy attacks the Muslim lands, it is obligatory for the inhabitants to defend themselves, whether that happens during a sacred month or not.

FASTING IN RAJAB

There is no authentic report from Qur’an or The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu’ Alayhi wa Sallam) or from the Sahaabah to indicate that there is any particular virtue in fasting during Rajab.

Umar Ibn Al-Khattab (Radia Allahu ‘Anhu) used to forbid fasting in Rajab because it involved resemblance to the Jāhiliyyah.

Narrated by Kharashah Ibn Al-Harr that,

“I saw Umar smacking the hands of those who fasted in Rajab until they reached out for food, and he was saying, this is a month which was venerated in the Jāhiliyyah.”

Al-Irwaa’ 957 & Al-Albany said: it is Saheeh

Ibn Qayyim Al-Jawziyyah (Rahimullah) said:

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu’ Alayhi wa Sallam) did not fast for three consecutive months (i.e., Rajab, Sha’baan and Ramadan) as some people do, and he never fasted Rajab at all, nor did he encourage people to fast this month.

 Ibn Hajar Al-Asqalani (Rahimullah) said:

“No Saheeh hadith that may be used as evidence has been narrated concerning the virtues of the month of Rajab or fasting this month or fasting in any specific part of it, or observing Qiyaam al-Layl specifically during this month.”

Tabayyun al-‘Ajab bimaa wurida fi Fadl Rajab

UMRAH IN RAJAB

There is no report to prove that the Prophet (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) performed Umrah in Rajab.

Ayesha (Radia Allahu ‘Anha) said:

The Messenger of Allah (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) never performed Umrah in Rajab.”

Bukharee 1776 & Muslim 1255

 Ali Ibn Ibrahim al-‘Attar (d. 724 AH) said:

One of the things that I have heard about the people of Makkah is that they do ‘Umrah frequently during Rajab. This is something for which I know of no basis, all I know is that it was reported in the hadith that The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“Umrah in Ramadan is equivalent to Hajj.”

But if a person goes for ‘Umrah during Rajab without believing that this has any particular virtue and because it is just a coincidence that it is easier for him to go at this time, then there is nothing wrong with that.

BID’AH AND INNOVATIONS IN THE MONTH OF RAJAB

Innovation in religion is one of the serious matters which go against the Book of Allah and the Sunnah. The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) did not die until after the religion had been perfected.

Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta ‘ala) says:

“…This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion…”

Surah Al-Mā’idah 5:3

Narrated by Ayesha (Radia Allahu ‘Anha) that,

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“Whoever innovates something in this matter of ours which is not a part of it, will have it rejected.”

Bukharee & Muslim

The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

“Whoever does an action which is not a part of this matter of ours will have it rejected.”

Saheeh Muslim

Some people have innovated a number of practices in Rajab, including the following:

·         Salaat Umm Dawud halfway through Rajab.

·         The du’a’s which are recited specifically during Rajab are all fabrications and innovations.

·         Visiting graves specifically in Rajab is bid’ah, because graves are to be visited at any time of the year.

·         Salaat Al-Raghaa’ib:            This prayer became widespread after the first and best centuries, especially in the fourth century AH. Some liars fabricated this prayer, which is done on the first night of Rajab.

Ibn Taymiyyah (Rahimullah) said:

Salaat al-Raghaa’ib is bid’ah according to the consensus of the scholars of religion, such as Malik, al-Shaafa’i, Abu Haneefah, al-Thawri, al-‘Oozaa’i, al-Layth and others. The hadith that is narrated concerning it is a lie according to the consensus of the scholars who have knowledge of hadith.

It was reported that major events happened in the month of Rajab, but NONE OF THESE REPORTS ARE TRUE.

It was reported that The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) was born on the first night of Rajab, and that he received his Mission on the twenty-seventh, or twenty-fifth of this month. NONE OF THIS IS CORRECT.

Ibn Qayyim Al-Jawziyyah (Rahimullah) said:

“Every hadith which mentions fasting in Rajab and praying during some of its nights is false and fabricated.”

Al-Manaar Al-Muneef, Page 96 

It was reported with an isnaad that IS NOT SAHEEH from al-Qaasim Ibn Muhammad that the Prophet’s Night Journey (al-Israa’) took place on the twenty-seventh of Rajab. THIS WAS DENIED BY IBRAAHEEM AL-HARBI AND OTHERS.The fact that there is no proof that the Israa’ and Mi’raaj happened on this date. Even if it were proven, that is no excuse for holding celebrations on this date, because nothing of the kind has been reported from The Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) or from his companions (Radia Allahu ‘Anhuma) or from any of the Salaf (early generations) of this Ummah. If it were a good thing, they would surely have done it before us. 

Sayyid Saabiq (Rahimullah) said:

Fasting in Rajab is no better than fasting in any other month, except that it is one of the sacred months. There is no report in the Saheeh Sunnah to suggest that there is anything special about fasting in this month. Whatever has been narrated concerning that is not fit to be quoted as evidence.

Fiqh al-Sunnah 1/282 

One of the innovations that take place during this month is the recitation of the story of the Mi’raaj, and celebrations to commemorate it on the twenty-seventh of Rajab, or singling out this night to perform extra acts of worship such as Qiyaam al-Layl or fasting during the day, or rejoicing and celebrating, mixing of men and women, singing and music, all of which are not permitted in Islam.

Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (Rahimullah) was asked about fasting on the twenty-seventh of Rajab and spending that night in prayer.

He (Rahimullah) replied: 

“Fasting on the twenty-seventh of Rajab and spending that night in prayer is a bid’ah (innovation), and every bid’ah is a going astray.”

Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen 20/440